Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Samnium: Samnites
An ancient country of central and southern Italy. The expansionist desires of its rulers led to the Samnite Wars (343-290 bc) and the ultimate defeat of Samnium by Rome.
Sam′nite (săm′nīt′) adj. & n.
(Placename) an ancient country of central Italy inhabited by Oscan-speaking Samnites: corresponds to the present-day regions of Abruzzi, Molise, and part of Campania
Sam•ni•um(ˈsæm ni əm)
an ancient country in central Italy.