Sapir-Whorf hypothesis


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Sa·pir-Whorf hypothesis

 (sə-pîr′wôrf′, -hwôrf′)
n.
A hypothesis holding that the structure of a language affects the perceptions of reality of its speakers and thus influences their thought patterns and worldviews.

[After Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf.]

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

n
(Linguistics) the theory that human languages determine the structure of the real world as perceived by human beings, rather than vice versa, and that this structure is different and incommensurable from one language to another
[named after Edward Sapir (1884–1939), US anthropologist and linguist, and Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897–1943), US linguist]
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In Argonauts of the Western Pacific (1922), Malinowski presages the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis when he explains why he ceased using direct translation to chronicle his data: It "robbed the text of all its significant characteristics--rubbed off all its points--so that gradually I was led to note down certain important phrases just as they were spoken, in the native tongue" (p.
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, as their separate relativity theses are called, has found many supporters from a variety of disciplines; in spite of the interest displayed in the hypothesis, however, it has remained a vague and ambiguously articulated collection of knowledge, and a "higher reality" reflected by language patterns.
Therefore, going by the assumptions of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis, if the indigenous Kalabari speaker is able to evolve an indigenous term that will permit him to visualize, in a vivid manner, the effects of the concept of technology, he would be in a position to participate fully in the inventions of the technological age in which he finds himself.
Our discussion of his ideas will illuminate the difference between the controversial Sapir-Whorf hypothesis and its subtle antithesis, the Boas-Jakobson principle, allowing us to distill some sense of the potential for promoting peace by choosing to adopt appropriate language fragments.
While some of the chapters engage with the theory of linguistic relativity/the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, the goal is not to provide evidence "for" or "against" the theory, but rather to contribute to the scholarship on language and cognition by expanding the theory's range to speakers of multiple languages.
Just when ILIL is poised to establish a truly interesting context for its analyses, such as the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis in Chapter 18, it reverts to cheek--as if, so to speak, to save face.
Then I guess I got caught up in the whole Sapir-Whorf hypothesis stuff--how language structures consciousness and how journalists--or directors--structure reality.
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis has attracted much criticism, especially over the last 15 years, from researchers who regard the mind as a collection of evolved thinking devices that operate independently of language.
In the fields of linguistics and cognitive psychology, there is a much-debated theory known as the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis (Ash, 1999).
THE SAPIR-WHORF HYPOTHESIS, developed in the 1930s by the linguists Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf, holds that the language we use will determine how we see the world.
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis has led to two interpretations a weaker form of linguistic relativism ("language influences thinking") and the stronger linguistic determinism ("language determines thinking").
In its weaker form, the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis argues that language "shapes" perception.