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Related to Saponins: steroidal saponins


 (săp′ə-nĭn, sə-pō′-)
Any of various plant glycosides that form soapy lathers when mixed and agitated with water, used in detergents, foaming agents, and emulsifiers.

[From Latin sāpō, sāpōn-, hair dye, of Germanic origin.]


(ˈsæpənɪn) or


(Botany) any of a group of plant glycosides with a steroid structure that foam when shaken and are used in detergents
[C19: from French saponine, from Latin sāpō soap]


(ˈsæp ə nɪn)

any of various glucosides, obtained from soapwort and other plants, that form a stable foam in water: used commercially in beverages, fire extinguishers, and detergents.
[1825–35; < French saponine < Latin sāpōn-, s. of sāpō soap + French -ine -in1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.saponin - any of various plant glucosides that form soapy lathers when mixed and agitated with water; used in detergents and foaming agents and emulsifiers
glucoside - a glycoside derived from glucose
References in periodicals archive ?
Investigation of Extraction and Purification Process for Total Saponins in Trigonellae Semen.
The bitter polar components of the kernels, the saponins, presumably remain in the water phase.
One category of natural adjuvants, the saponins, have been singled out as being particularly effective at triggering immune responses, in particular when trying to create anti-tumor responses from the immune system's dendritic cells.
The phytochemical screening for reducing sugars, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, anthraquinones and alkaloids was performed.
Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, reducing sugars, saponins, tannins, phytosterols, and terpenoids in the fresh C.
Recently phytochemicals such as saponins, condensed tannins and essential oils are being explored, out of which saponins are one of the important category.
Phytochemical screening of the extracts revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, flavones and sterol.
Occurrence of saponins and flavonoids in the extract was further confirmed by thin layer chromatography (TLC).
Surfactants and saponins work together by shaking loose dirt from clothing and then binding to the dirt particles until they can be washed away.