(redirected from Satraps)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


 (sā′trăp′, săt′răp′)
1. A governor of a province in ancient Persia.
2. A ruler.
3. A subordinate bureaucrat or official: "The satraps of Capitol Hill will not sit idly by" (David Nyhan).
4. Usage Problem A satrapy.

[Middle English satrape, from Old French, from Latin satrapēs, from Greek, from Old Persian khshathrapāvā, protector of the province : khshathra-, realm, province + pāvā, protector; see pā- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: In its primary and figurative senses, satrap refers to a person. Sometimes the word is used to refer to the geographical location or organization under the control of a satrap, as in this quotation from a 2014 editorial in Forbes magazine:"Plunging oil prices are hammering Moscow far more than are the tepid, half-hearted sanctions imposed by the West after Putin's ... machinations to effectively make Ukraine a Russian satrap." The correct term for this sense, however, is satrapy, and most writers maintain this distinction.


1. (Historical Terms) (in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
2. (Historical Terms) a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one
[C14: from Latin satrapa, from Greek satrapēs, from Old Persian khshathrapāvan, literally: protector of the land]


(ˈseɪ træp, ˈsæ-)

1. a governor of a province in ancient Persia.
2. a subordinate ruler, often a despot.
[1350–1400; < Latin satrapa < Greek satrápēs < Old Persian khshathra-pāvan- country-protector]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.satrap - a governor of a province in ancient Persia
governor - the head of a state government
References in classic literature ?
He is the satrap of that province in the autocratic realm of the ship, and more personally responsible for anything that may happen there.
Harley, in turn, addressed him as: Man-Dog, Incorruptible One, Brass Tacks, Then Some, Sin of Gold, South Sea Satrap, Nimrod, Young Nick, and Lion-Slayer.
In person, Clement des Lupeaulx had the remains of a handsome man; five feet six inches tall, tolerably stout, complexion flushed with good living, powdered head, delicate spectacles, and a worn-out air; the natural skin blond, as shown by the hand, puffy like that of an old woman, rather too square, and with short nails--the hand of a satrap.
Led by one of its last remaining regional satraps Chief Minister Mukul Sangma, Meghalaya is a high-stakes election for the Congress, particularly to contain its eroding political presence in the Northeast.
Facing political steamrolling by the BJP, regional satraps have little option but to gravitate towards Lalu.
His administration's vetting process for appointments to positions of public trust seems to be run by satraps who are more fastidious with how best to show their boss' gratitude than with how best to lift this nation from the ignominy of being labeled 'Third World.
Their impunity and immunity in this country has led them to behave like satraps, doing whatever they want.
But nothing of the sort happened and all regional satraps stuck to their respective party positions when the Modi government introduced in Parliament on Feb.
Briant extends the discussion beyond the evidence provided by the Greek sources and analyses the Persepolis Fortification Texts and the Aramaic papyri from Achaemenid Egypt, looking more closely at the issuing of travel rations to those permitted by the satraps to use the royal roads.
For readers who know little of Lucknow's geography, the two satraps of regional parties - SP and BSP- have not only been rotating powers in the state for the past two decades but have also captured two prime areas- Vikramaditya Marg where Mulayam has his residence, party office and Lohia Trust and Mall Avenue where Mayawati has her two sprawling residences, party office and Ambedkar sthal.
Distinct too from the Iranian satraps of Iraqi leader Nuri Al Maliki and Syrian President Bashar Al Assad.
You can imagine easily where this will lead - we all clock in and out of our own homes and at various checkpoints across the commissioner's fiefdom, allowing her and her satraps to monitor our every movement.