satrap

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sa·trap

 (sā′trăp′, săt′răp′)
n.
1. A governor of a province in ancient Persia.
2. A ruler.
3. A subordinate bureaucrat or official: "The satraps of Capitol Hill will not sit idly by" (David Nyhan).
4. Usage Problem A satrapy.

[Middle English satrape, from Old French, from Latin satrapēs, from Greek, from Old Persian khshathrapāvā, protector of the province : khshathra-, realm, province + pāvā, protector; see pā- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: In its primary and figurative senses, satrap refers to a person. Sometimes the word is used to refer to the geographical location or organization under the control of a satrap, as in this quotation from a 2014 editorial in Forbes magazine:"Plunging oil prices are hammering Moscow far more than are the tepid, half-hearted sanctions imposed by the West after Putin's ... machinations to effectively make Ukraine a Russian satrap." The correct term for this sense, however, is satrapy, and most writers maintain this distinction.

satrap

(ˈsætrəp)
n
1. (Historical Terms) (in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
2. (Historical Terms) a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one
[C14: from Latin satrapa, from Greek satrapēs, from Old Persian khshathrapāvan, literally: protector of the land]

sa•trap

(ˈseɪ træp, ˈsæ-)

n.
1. a governor of a province in ancient Persia.
2. a subordinate ruler, often a despot.
[1350–1400; < Latin satrapa < Greek satrápēs < Old Persian khshathra-pāvan- country-protector]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.satrap - a governor of a province in ancient Persia
governor - the head of a state government
Translations
References in classic literature ?
He is the satrap of that province in the autocratic realm of the ship, and more personally responsible for anything that may happen there.
Harley, in turn, addressed him as: Man-Dog, Incorruptible One, Brass Tacks, Then Some, Sin of Gold, South Sea Satrap, Nimrod, Young Nick, and Lion-Slayer.
In person, Clement des Lupeaulx had the remains of a handsome man; five feet six inches tall, tolerably stout, complexion flushed with good living, powdered head, delicate spectacles, and a worn-out air; the natural skin blond, as shown by the hand, puffy like that of an old woman, rather too square, and with short nails--the hand of a satrap.
The clarion call has all the possibilities to forge an alternative formed by regional satraps against the BJP.
As an astute student of history, Mr Khamenei has carefully assessed the collapse of communist satraps in eastern Europe, and how prolonged financial stress undermined the foundations of those Soviet republics.
Rustom Ghazali, another of Assad's intelligence satraps.
Having said that, the BJP is trying to do its best to improve its tally in the Rajya Sabha in two ways: By winning as many state assembly polls as it can; and by forging close relations with regional satraps who occupy a big chunk of seats in Rajya Sabha.
Singh, the then Janata Dal had split and one after another its regional satraps like Mulayam, Deve Gowda, Nitish and Lalu formed their own outfits.
In any case, neither Qadri nor the Punjab satraps have behaved any responsibly.
Distinct too from the Iranian satraps of Iraqi leader Nuri Al Maliki and Syrian President Bashar Al Assad.
It would look as though Europeans were satraps of an American empire.
administrators, judges, satraps, and so on) in matters that involved extreme punishments as described by Herodotus and Ctesias.