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Sau·di Arabia(sou′dē, sô′dē, sä-o͞o′dē)
A country occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula. Inhabited since ancient times by nomadic Semitic tribes, the region was consolidated under Muhammad, who established a theocratic state at Medina and gained control of all Arabia c. 630. After the caliphate was moved from Medina to Damascus in 661, the peninsula remained fragmented until most of it was united in the 1700s under the Saud family, who adopted the Wahhabi form of Islam. Crushed by Egyptian and Ottoman opposition in the 1800s, Saudi forces reconquered the peninsula in the early 1900s. The unified kingdom of Saudi Arabia was created in 1932 as an absolute monarchy under Wahhabi law. Oil was discovered in 1938 and soon became the mainstay of the economy. Riyadh is the capital and the largest city.
Sau′di, Sau′di A·ra′bi·an adj. & n.
Saudi(ˈsɔːdɪ; ˈsaʊ-) or
1. (Placename) of or relating to Saudi Arabia or its inhabitants
2. (Peoples) of or relating to Saudi Arabia or its inhabitants
(Peoples) a native or inhabitant of Saudi Arabia
Sau•di(ˈsaʊ di, ˈsɔ-, sɑˈu-)
n., pl. -dis,
2. a member of the Saud family of Arabia, rulers of most of the Arabian Peninsula since 1932.adj.
4. of or pertaining to the Saud family.
[1930–35; < Arabic Sa‘ūdī=Sa‘ūd personal name of the founder of the present dynasty + -ī suffix of appurtenance]
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|Noun||1.||Saudi - a native or inhabitant of Saudi Arabia|
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia - an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia; vast oil reserves dominate the economy
|Adj.||1.||Saudi - of or relating to Saudi Arabia or its people; "the Saudi-Arabian desert"; "the Saudi royal family"|
obyvatel Saúdské Arábiesaúdský
người Arab Saudithuộc nước/người/tiếng Arab Saudi