Narcissism refers to a complex of personality traits--including grandiosity, self-love, arrogance, entitlement, and hostility--and consists of three main components: a positive self-view
, a lack of concern about others, and the use of self-enhancement strategies (Kausel, Culbertson, Leiva, Slaughter, & Jackson, 2015).
Because superstars are privileged when it comes to income, accommodations and expectations, they wrote, "that privilege can lead to a self-view
that they are above the rules, which can foster mistreatment.
emerged just as Britain was altering the fundamental nature of its Empire into a Commonwealth of self-governing Dominions, a shift that continued into the 20th century with the conversion of these Dominions into independent nations bound loosely to the mother country.
But another aspect is being aware of how consistent (or inconsistent) our self-view
is compared to an external appraisal--how other people see us or against objective data.
In a context where women are frequently considered as intellectually and socially inferior and frequently denied freedom and a voice, they develop the self-view
that they do not possess any power, and they are weak and are unable to think and decide wisely.
Highly narcissistic individuals believe they can learn from experience better than others around them and seek continuous affirmation of their inflated self-view
by exhibiting their superiority, devaluing others and reacting aggressively to criticism.
According to the study, as narcissists have an inflated self-view
and engage in a variety of strategies aimed at bringing attention to themselves, the features unique to Twitter may be more appealing to them than those on sites such as Facebook.
This process is present, for example, in situations in which a professional who holds a positive self-view
seeks positive feedback about a job well done.
The "shaken self': Product choices as a means of restoring self-view
is used to view the user operating the assistive device or anything that is located directly behind the camera.
This could help change your self-view
from that of a loser to someone who persists in the face of obstacles.
The secure and preoccupied subtypes share a positive view of others, the dismissing and fearful subtypes have a negative view of others, the secure and dismissing subtypes share a positive self-view
, and the preoccupied and fearful subtypes share a negative self-perspective.