Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


1. A region of western Africa watered by the Senegal and Gambia Rivers.
2. A confederation of Senegal and Gambia (1982-1989) intended to promote cooperation between the two countries in matters of foreign policy, security, and economic affairs. Senegal dissolved the confederation when Gambia refused to move closer toward union.

Sen′e·gam′bi·an adj.


(Placename) a region of W Africa, between the Senegal and Gambia Rivers: now mostly in Senegal


(ˌsɛn ɪˈgæm bi ə)

1. a region in W Africa between the Senegal and Gambia rivers, now mostly in Senegal.
2. a former (1982–89) confederation of Senegal and the Gambia.
Sen`e•gam′bi•an, adj.
References in classic literature ?
1749 and 1758, Adamson made a reconnoissance of the river, and visited Gorea; from 1785 to 1788, Golberry and Geoffroy travelled across the deserts of Senegambia, and ascended as far as the country of the Moors, who assassinated Saugnier, Brisson, Adam, Riley, Cochelet, and so many other unfortunate men.
I fancy that this ally breaks fresh ground in the annals of crime in this country,--though parallel cases suggest themselves from India, and, if my memory serves me, from Senegambia.
Many party-seekers leave for nearby towns such as the Senegambia Strip, which offers a selection of bars and a generally livelier experience than Banjul.
They were found in the Western and some parts of Eastern Sudan, and from Senegambia in the West to Chad in the east, but they gradually spread their influence over most parts of Savannah land including the northern highlands of the Cameroons, Western Sudan, Upper Senegal and into Hausaland.
This article reports on the early period of French colonial rule of the area that is now South-Western Niger - a strategically important area with respect to territorial competition among the French colonies of Dahomey and Soudan (later the colonies of Senegambia and Niger) as well as the British colony of Nigeria.
The word 'Jollof' is derived from the Wolof people of Senegambia and the old Jolof Empire, and it is likely that the dish originated in this region and then spread to other parts of West Africa via the trade of the Mali Empire.
After New York, the next stop was the Cape Verde islands, a Portuguese archipelago off the Senegambia coast.
Describing the bravery of Charles de Gaulle by way of reference to the fearless precolonial warriors of the Senegambia region of West Africa, the poem--which Senghor wrote in a German prison camp in occupied France--posits the revolutionary idea that France and its African colonies will stand on equal ground following the war, and that Africa and Europe will be best served by working together for a better future.
Memories of Violence: Slavery, The Slave trade, and Forced Labour in the Greater Senegambia in the Past and Present.
Fruitful examples like Cameron do exist, but disappointments like the Senegambia confederation confirms the difficulties of bonding francophone and Anglophone regions.
People came out of there, out of the Senegambia region.
Desde la epoca andalusi y, sobre todo, desde comienzos del siglo xv, los peninsulares habian tenido contacto con pobladores negros de Africa, cuando tribus saharianas comerciaban esclavos con diversos reyes del sur, en particular con el imperio de Mali y los wolofs--o jolofes, en la adaptacion que hicieron los hispanohablantes del siglo XVI--de Senegambia, que traficaban esclavos para venderlos a arabes, portugueses, canarios y andaluces; posteriormente, los propios senores castellanos de las Islas Canarias incursionaban en las costas del sur del Cabo Bojador para comprarlos directamente a sus primeros esclavizadores (1).