steroid

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ster·oid

 (stĕr′oid′, stîr′-)
n.
1. Any of numerous fat-soluble organic compounds that have a core structure of 17 carbon atoms arranged in four rings, found naturally in animals, plants, and fungi, or produced synthetically. Steroids include the sterols (such as cholesterol), sex hormones (such as estrogen and testosterone), corticosteroid hormones (such as cortisol), bile acids, and anabolic steroids.
2. Informal An anabolic steroid.
Idiom:
on steroids
In a very large, enhanced, or exaggerated form: "a weapon one observer had called an M16 on steroids" (Stephen Coonts).


ste′roid′, ste·roi′dal (stĕ-roid′l, stĭ-) adj.

steroid

(ˈstɪərɔɪd; ˈstɛr-)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem any of a large group of fat-soluble organic compounds containing a characteristic chemical ring system. The majority, including the sterols, bile acids, many hormones, and the D vitamins, have important physiological action
[C20: from sterol + -oid]
steˈroidal adj

ste•roid

(ˈstɪər ɔɪd, ˈstɛr-)

n.
any of a large group of fat-soluble organic compounds, as the sterols, bile acids, and sex hormones, most of which have specific physiological action.
[1925–30; ster (ol) + -oid]
ste•roi•dal (stɪˈrɔɪd l, stɛ-) adj.

ster·oid

(stĕr′oid′)
1. Any of a class of organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms arranged in four rings. Steroids include the sex hormones, such as testosterone, and hormones produced by the adrenal glands. They also include sterols, such as cholesterol, and certain forms of vitamins.
2. Any of various hormones having the structure of a steroid that are made synthetically, especially for use in medicine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.steroid - any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four ringssteroid - any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
ketosteroid - a steroid containing a ketone group
steroid alcohol, sterol - any of a group of natural steroid alcohols derived from plants or animals; they are waxy insoluble substances
bile acid - any of the steroid acids generated in the liver and stored with bile
cardiac glucoside, cardiac glycoside - obtained from a number of plants and used to stimulate the heart in cases of heart failure
2.steroid - any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
progestin, progestogen - any of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone
androgen, androgenic hormone - male sex hormone that is produced in the testes and responsible for typical male sexual characteristics
estrogen, oestrogen - a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
adrenal cortical steroid, corticoid, corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response; "adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"
anabolic steroid - any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones used to stimulate muscle and bone growth; more than 100 have been developed and each requires a prescription to be used legally in the United States; sometimes used illicitly by athletes to increase their strength
Translations
steroid
steroid
steroidi
steroid
ステロイド
스테로이드
steroid
สเตียรอยด์
chất hữu cơ steroid

steroid

[ˈstɪərɔɪd] Nesteroide m

steroid

[ˈstɛrɔɪd] nstéroïde m

steroid

nSteroid nt

steroid

[ˈstɛrɔɪd] nsteroide m

steroid

سِتِرويِد steroid steroid Steroid στεροϊδές esteroide steroidi stéroïde steroid steroide ステロイド 스테로이드 steroïde steroide steroid esteróide стероид steroid สเตียรอยด์ steroid chất hữu cơ steroid 类固醇

ster·oid

n. esteroide, compuesto orgánico complejo del cual se derivan varias hormonas como el estrógeno, la testosterona y la cortisona.

steroid

adj esteroideo; n esteroide m; anabolic — esteroide anabolizante or anabólico
References in periodicals archive ?
The younger patients in the CSW group tended to have higher sex steroid levels.
The stimulatory effects of sex steroid treatment on pollen germination have been reported (Love and Love, 1945; Ylstra et al.
A number of clinical observations have shown that both GH and sex steroid hormones must be present for normal pubertal growth to occur.
This discussion focuses on studies of several local vaginal treatments (including a recently approved agent) that ameliorate GSM symptoms but do not appreciably raise serum sex steroid levels--reassuring data for certain patient populations.
Because the prostate gland is a sex steroid hormone reactive organ, the regulation of sex steroid hormones, especially androgen and estrogen, is necessary for the gland development, maintenance, and function [4,5].
For many years it has been widely accepted that the primary function of SHBG is to transport sex steroid hormones to target tissues where SHBG modulates the level of free sex hormones that can enter target cells [4,5].
As well as having an effect on ocular surface disease, sex steroid imbalance has also been shown to be related to onset and development of cardiovascular disease, (4) osteoporosis, (5) neurodegenerative disease,6 and obesity.
3] Sex steroid hormones are known to induce immunological events such as altering immunological secretion and depression of suppressor T cell activity.
Presolicitation: Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies: associations between sex steroid hormones and adenocarcinomas of the esophagus.
Testing for sex steroid hormones (estradiol, estriol, estrone, progesterone, and testosterone) is now a mainstay in the clinical evaluation of hormonal imbalances and treatment design for hormone therapy.