shortening

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short·en·ing

 (shôr′tn-ĭng, shôrt′nĭng)
n.
1. A fat, such as butter or lard, used to make cake or pastry light or flaky.
2. A shortened form of something, as a word.
3. The act of one that shortens.
4. The act or process of becoming shorter.

shortening

(ˈʃɔːtənɪŋ)
n
(Cookery) butter, lard, or other fat, used in a dough, cake mixture, etc, to make the mixture short

short•en•ing

(ˈʃɔrt nɪŋ, ˈʃɔr tn ɪŋ)

n.
1. butter or other fat used to shorten pastry, bread, or the like.
2. the act or process of making or becoming short or shorter.
3.
a. the act or process of dropping one or more syllables from a word or phrase to form a shorter word with the same meaning.
[1535–45]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shortening - fat such as butter or lard used in baked goodsshortening - fat such as butter or lard used in baked goods
edible fat - oily or greasy matter making up the bulk of fatty tissue in animals and in seeds and other plant tissue
2.shortening - act of decreasing in length; "the dress needs shortening"
reduction, step-down, diminution, decrease - the act of decreasing or reducing something
abbreviation - shortening something by omitting parts of it
cutting off, cutting, cut - the act of shortening something by chopping off the ends; "the barber gave him a good cut"
contraction, muscle contraction, muscular contraction - (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber)
truncation - the act of cutting short; "it is an obvious truncation of the verse"; "they were sentenced to a truncation of their limbs"
Translations
دُهْن يُسْتَعْمَل في عَمَل الفَطائِر
tuk
fedtstof til bagning
növényi zsiradék
feiti
mutfak yağı

shortening

[ˈʃɔːtnɪŋ] N
1. (= making shorter) (gen) → acortamiento m; [of rations etc] → reducción f
2. (esp US) (Culin) → manteca f, grasa f

shortening

[ˈʃɔːrtənɪŋ] n (COOKERY)matière f grasse

shortening

n (Cook) → (Back)fett nt

shortening

[ˈʃɔːtnɪŋ] n (Culin) → grasso (usato in pasticceria)

short

(ʃoːt) adjective
1. not long. You look nice with your hair short; Do you think my dress is too short?
2. not tall; smaller than usual. a short man.
3. not lasting long; brief. a short film; in a very short time; I've a very short memory for details.
4. not as much as it should be. When I checked my change, I found it was 20 cents short.
5. (with of) not having enough (money etc). Most of us are short of money these days.
6. (of pastry) made so that it is crisp and crumbles easily.
adverb
1. suddenly; abruptly. He stopped short when he saw me.
2. not as far as intended. The shot fell short.
ˈshortness noun
ˈshortage (-tidʒ) noun
a lack; the state of not having enough. a shortage of water.
ˈshorten verb
to make or become shorter. The dress is too long – we'll have to shorten it.
ˈshortening noun
(especially American) the fat used for making pastry.
ˈshortly adverb
soon. He will be here shortly; Shortly after that, the police arrived.
shorts noun plural
short trousers for men or women.
ˈshortbread noun
a kind of crisp, crumbling biscuit.
ˌshort-ˈchange verb
to cheat (a buyer) by giving him too little change.
short circuit the missing out by an electric current of a part of an electrical circuit (verb ˌshort-ˈcircuit)
ˈshortcoming noun
a fault.
ˈshortcut noun
a quicker way between two places. I'm in a hurry – I'll take a shortcut across the field.
ˈshorthand noun
a method of writing rapidly, using strokes, dots etc to represent sounds.
ˌshort-ˈhanded adjective
having fewer workers than are necessary or usual.
ˈshort-list noun
a list of candidates selected from the total number of applicants for a job etc.
verb
to put on a short-list. We've short-listed three of the twenty applicants.
ˌshort-ˈlived (-ˈlivd) , ((American) -ˈlaivd) adjective
living or lasting only for a short time. short-lived insects; short-lived enthusiasm.
ˌshort-ˈrange adjective
1. not reaching a long distance. short-range missiles.
2. not covering a long time. a short-range weather forecast.
ˌshort-ˈsighted adjective
seeing clearly only things that are near. I don't recognize people at a distance because I'm short-sighted.
ˌshort-ˈsightedly adverb
ˌshort-ˈsightedness noun
ˌshort-ˈtempered adjective
easily made angry. My husband is very short-tempered in the mornings.
ˌshort-ˈterm adjective
1. concerned only with the near future. short-term plans.
2. lasting only a short time. a short-term loan.
by a short head
by a very small amount. to win by a short head.
for short
as an abbreviation. His name is Victor, but we call him Vic for short.
go short
to cause oneself not to have enough of something. Save this carton for tomorrow, or else we'll go short (of milk).
in short
in a few words.
in short supply
not available in sufficient quantity. Fresh vegetables are in short supply.
make short work of
to dispose of very quickly. The children made short work of the ice-cream.
run short
1. (of a supply) to become insufficient. Our money is running short.
2. (with of) not to have enough. We're running short of money.
short and sweet
His reply was short and sweet: `Get out!' he shouted.
short for
an abbreviation of. `Phone' is short for `telephone'; What is `Ltd.' short for?
short of
not as far as or as much as. Our total came to just short of $1,000; We stopped five miles short of London.
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