According to Bhaiyyaji Joshi, who sits pretty at the No 2 slot in the RSS hierarchy, shudras
were never untouchables in Hindu scriptures.
24)", and one can therefore read this to mean that he expects shudras
to use slander and be mendacious.
Their servitude is even more pathetic than that of the Shudras
(the lowest caste in the fourfold caste system).
Historically, when the four-fold caste system was first established, most of the people who were given the status of Shudras
or Chandalas were indigenous Indians who had been conquered by the Aryans.
The Brhadaranyaka Upanishad states that God created the Brahmanas from his face; the Kshatriyas from his arms; the Vaishyas from his thighs; and, the Shudras
from his feet.
And Kayasthas cannot even be classified as one of the leading four castes -- Brahmins (the learned), Kshatriyas (the warriors), Vaishyas (tradesmen) and Shudras
198) observes, "The author of the Arthashastra emerges as something of a champion of the shudras
, espousing their rights as freeborn citizens, and going so far as to suggest that the sons of slaves should enjoy the status of Aryans.
Historically, the major castes across the subcontinent have included the Brahmins (priests and teachers), the Kshatriyas (warriors and kings), Vaishyas (the merchants), and the Shudras
Similarly, in the much praised village republics of ancient South Asia, only the twice-born upper castes were full participants, the Shudras
above the ritual pollution line could not have been fully-fledged participants and those below the pollution line did not have even access to public places.
The other castes, in order, include: Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas (traders), and Shudras
He would rather reduce all of them to one common denominator: shudras
Examples are Mahatma Gandhi forced the Indian Society to change its belief of "Untouchability" of Shudras
(poors & downtroddens in the pre-independent India) and Raj aram Mohan Roy got the Law enacted in India under British Rule against the custom of forcing widows to self-immolate on the burning pyre of their husbands.