silphium

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sil·phi·um

 (sĭl′fē-əm)
n.
1. An extinct North African plant, often classified in the genus Ferula, that produced a resin that was a popular seasoning in ancient Greece and Rome. It became extinct in antiquity, probably from overharvesting and overgrazing.
2. A plant of the genus Silphium, such as the compass plant.

[Latin, from Greek silphion, perhaps of North African origin.]

silphium

(ˈsɪlfɪəm)
n
(Plants) an American flowering wild plant of the family Asteraceae
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.silphium - tall North American perennial herbsSilphium - tall North American perennial herbs
asterid dicot genus - genus of more or less advanced dicotyledonous herbs and some trees and shrubs
aster family, Asteraceae, Compositae, family Asteraceae, family Compositae - plants with heads composed of many florets: aster; daisy; dandelion; goldenrod; marigold; lettuces; ragweed; sunflower; thistle; zinnia
rosinweed, Silphium laciniatum - North American perennial having a resinous odor and yellow flowers
References in periodicals archive ?
Este estreitamento das relacoes talvez esteja ligado ao controle do silfium, uma planta de propriedades medicinais e culinarias largamente exportada para as cidades gregas, em especial para Atenas, que passou ao controle dos aristocratas cireneus com a queda da monarquia, o que deve ter desencadeado um comercio ainda mais efetivo dos outros produtos da Cirenaica.
Na cunhagem de Chairephon, por exemplo, a um cunho sao adicionados em um segundo momen to o seu nome e o silfium (fig.
1, Babelon 1914, 3661), sobre o reverso, em um segundo momento, foi acrescentado o silfium a dir.