a.1.(Chem.) Of or pertaining to sinapine; specifically, designating an acid (C11H12O5) related to gallic acid, and obtained by the decomposition of sinapine, as a white crystalline substance.
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DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-l-picrylhydrazyl), ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid), Folin-Ciocalteu (FC) reagent, capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin myricetin, catechin, resveratrol, gallic acid, coumaric acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, and chlorogenic acid were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St.
2015) evaluated the phytochemical characteristics of sugarcane, and found the presence of new phenolic acids such as chlorogenic acid, hydroxycinnamic acid and sinapic acid.
Gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, (+)-catechin, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, (-)-epicatechin, syringic acid, vanillin, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, benzoic acid, o-coumaric acid, rutin, hesperidin, rosmarinic acid, eriodictyol, trans-cinnamic acid, quercetin, luteolin, kaempferol and apigenin were used as standards.
In addition to a structural role, lignin confers protection against pathogens and insects (Swain, 1979; El Modafar and El Boustani, 2004), while caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic and sinapic acids participate in cell wall composition, singly or in a range of sterified forms (Harborne, 1988).
3 mg/kg reversed cardiac remodeling and its effects in combination with metoprolol 100 mg/kg, a selective [beta]1-adrenoceptor antagonist in a rat model ofheart failure, by reducing cAMP and cardiac GPCR kinase-2 expression Vildagliptin In type 2 DM rats subjected to MI, at 10 [135] mg/kg, the DPP-4 inhibitor restored the autophagy in noninfarcted region and increased survival rate Sinapic SA protected cardiomyocytes and perfused [136] acid (SA) heart from revascularization injury induced oxidative stress by increasing eNOS expression
HPLC standards (gallic acid, trans sinapic acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, ferullic acid, sinapic acid, vanillic acid, [rho]-coumaric acid, catechin, epicatechin, rutin, myricetin, quercetin, naringenin, kaempferol) were supplied by Sigma-Aldrich Chemie, Germany.
Phenolic acids * Hydrobenzoic acids: gallic acid, ellagic acid, vanillic acid (rhubarb, grape seed, raspberries, blackberries, pomegranate, vanilla, tea) * Hydroxycinnamic acids: ferulic acid, P-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, sinapic acid (wheat bran, cinnamon, coffee, kiwi fruit, plums, blueberries) 3.
Most of the phenolic compounds existed as soluble ester, such as caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic, and sinapic acids (Weidner et al.
Based on HPLC-PDA and LC-ESI-MSn analyses, the anthocyanins in the pale-mauve hybrid were only derived frm cyanidin molecules, which were diversely conjugated with some hexose sugars and organic acids, such as ferrulic acid, sinapic acid and malonic acid.
2]O (in this order, each rinse consisting of 10 repetitions of 150 [micro]L), after which RANTES was eluted and prepared for MALDI-TOF MS by drawing 4 [micro]L MALDI matrix solution [saturated aqueous solution of sinapic acid, 33% (vol/vol) acetonitrile, 0.