DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-l-picrylhydrazyl), ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid), Folin-Ciocalteu (FC) reagent, capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin myricetin, catechin, resveratrol, gallic acid, coumaric acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, sinapic
acid, and chlorogenic acid were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St.
2015) evaluated the phytochemical characteristics of sugarcane, and found the presence of new phenolic acids such as chlorogenic acid, hydroxycinnamic acid and sinapic
Gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, (+)-catechin, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, (-)-epicatechin, syringic acid, vanillin, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, sinapic
acid, benzoic acid, o-coumaric acid, rutin, hesperidin, rosmarinic acid, eriodictyol, trans-cinnamic acid, quercetin, luteolin, kaempferol and apigenin were used as standards.
In addition to a structural role, lignin confers protection against pathogens and insects (Swain, 1979; El Modafar and El Boustani, 2004), while caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic and sinapic
acids participate in cell wall composition, singly or in a range of sterified forms (Harborne, 1988).
3 mg/kg reversed cardiac remodeling and its effects in combination with metoprolol 100 mg/kg, a selective [beta]1-adrenoceptor antagonist in a rat model ofheart failure, by reducing cAMP and cardiac GPCR kinase-2 expression Vildagliptin In type 2 DM rats subjected to MI, at 10  mg/kg, the DPP-4 inhibitor restored the autophagy in noninfarcted region and increased survival rate Sinapic
SA protected cardiomyocytes and perfused  acid (SA) heart from revascularization injury induced oxidative stress by increasing eNOS expression
HPLC standards (gallic acid, trans sinapic
acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, ferullic acid, sinapic
acid, vanillic acid, [rho]-coumaric acid, catechin, epicatechin, rutin, myricetin, quercetin, naringenin, kaempferol) were supplied by Sigma-Aldrich Chemie, Germany.
Phenolic acids * Hydrobenzoic acids: gallic acid, ellagic acid, vanillic acid (rhubarb, grape seed, raspberries, blackberries, pomegranate, vanilla, tea) * Hydroxycinnamic acids: ferulic acid, P-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, sinapic
acid (wheat bran, cinnamon, coffee, kiwi fruit, plums, blueberries) 3.
The former was exceptionally rich in gallic, sinapic
, and vanillic acids, the latter in syringic, caffeic, and salicylic acids.
acid has also been reported to be present in the plant.
Most of the phenolic compounds existed as soluble ester, such as caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic, and sinapic
acids (Weidner et al.
Based on HPLC-PDA and LC-ESI-MSn analyses, the anthocyanins in the pale-mauve hybrid were only derived frm cyanidin molecules, which were diversely conjugated with some hexose sugars and organic acids, such as ferrulic acid, sinapic
acid and malonic acid.
2]O (in this order, each rinse consisting of 10 repetitions of 150 [micro]L), after which RANTES was eluted and prepared for MALDI-TOF MS by drawing 4 [micro]L MALDI matrix solution [saturated aqueous solution of sinapic
acid, 33% (vol/vol) acetonitrile, 0.