genetic disorder

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Related to Single-gene disorder: Hereditary diseases, Genetic diseases, inherited diseases

genetic disorder

n.
A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease.
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Noun1.genetic disorder - a disease or disorder that is inherited geneticallygenetic disorder - a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
monogenic disease, monogenic disorder - an inherited disease controlled by a single pair of genes
polygenic disease, polygenic disorder - an inherited disease controlled by several genes at once
achondroplasia, achondroplasty, chondrodystrophy, osteosclerosis congenita - an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
abetalipoproteinemia - a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels
inborn error of metabolism - any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism
congenital megacolon, Hirschsprung's disease - congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves; there is little urge to defecate so the feces accumulate and cause megacolon
mucopolysaccharidosis - any of a group of genetic disorders involving a defect in the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides resulting in greater than normal levels of mucopolysaccharides in tissues
hyperbetalipoproteinemia - a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins and cholesterol; can lead to atherosclerosis at an early age
ichthyosis - any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is dry and scaly like a fish
branched chain ketoaciduria, maple syrup urine disease - an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood
McArdle's disease - an inherited disease in which abnormal amounts of glycogen accumulate in skeletal muscle; results in weakness and cramping
dystrophy, muscular dystrophy - any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
oligodactyly - congenital condition in which some fingers or toes are missing
oligodontia - congenital condition in which some of the teeth are missing
otosclerosis - hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness
autosomal dominant disease, autosomal dominant disorder - a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome
autosomal recessive defect, autosomal recessive disease - a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome
congenital pancytopenia, Fanconi's anaemia, Fanconi's anemia - a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
juvenile amaurotic idiocy, Spielmeyer-Vogt disease - a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death
congenital afibrinogenemia - a rare congenital disorder of blood coagulation in which no fibrinogen is found in the blood plasma
Albers-Schonberg disease, marble bones disease, osteopetrosis - an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated
nevoid elephantiasis, pachyderma - thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
dwarfism, nanism - a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
lactase deficiency, lactose intolerance, milk intolerance - congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose
porphyria - a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
hepatolenticular degeneration, Wilson's disease - a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain
References in periodicals archive ?
MODY is a single-gene disorder that causes diabetes.
While Marfan is a single-gene disorder, it results from any of the 600 identified mutations that manifest as a spectrum of subtle differences in symptoms from one patient to the next.
Whether PGD is planned for investigating a single-gene disorder or a chromosome translocation, detailed consultation with the woman or the couple is important.
Roughly 2% of the population is born with a single-gene disorder involving any of about 5,000 genes.
A single-gene disorder is caused by a mutation of the gene.
The risk of inheriting a multifactorial disorder is lower than the risl of inheriting a single-gene disorder from an affected parent.
Despite the thousands of single-gene tests on the market, diagnosticians estimate that clear mutations are not found in 30% to 50% of patients tested who present with a single-gene disorder.
AD, on the other hand, is not a single-gene disorder.
Thalassaemia is the most common single-gene disorder found in the Indian descendents in Natal.
Mutations in the genes coding for the [beta] and [gamma] subunits of ENaC have been implicated in Liddle syndrome (pseudohyperaldosteronism), an autosomal-dominantly inherited single-gene disorder in which increased reabsorption of sodium and water in the renal tubule leads to hypertension (12).
Prenatal DNA diagnosis of a single-gene disorder from maternal plasma.
Data will also support research for cures to single-gene disorders and even complex diseases like diabetes and cancer.