fifth disease

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fifth disease

n.
A usually mild disease, primarily of children, that is caused by a parvovirus and is characterized by fever, a prominent, often bright red rash on the cheeks that may spread to the trunk and limbs, and swollen, painful joints. Also called erythema infectiosum.

[From its being fifth in frequency of rash-producing childhood diseases.]

fifth disease

n
(Pathology) a mild infectious disease of childhood, caused by a virus, characterized by fever and a red rash spreading from the cheeks to the limbs and trunk. Also called: slapped-cheek disease Technical name: erythema infectiosum
[C20: from its being among the five most common childhood infections]
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the NHS, the rash: | is slightly itchy for some people | can look similar to other childhood conditions, such as slapped cheek syndrome, roseola or rubella | is unlikely to be caused by measles if the person has been fully vaccinated (had two doses of the MMR vaccine) or had measles before | WHAT IS THE MMR VACCINE?
Slapped cheek syndrome, sometimes called fifth disease due to a mild viral infection which can be confused with scarlet fever and German measles in children.
he instructs in a way that would get a pasty Englishman a slapped cheek.
Passed through direct contact and saliva, slapped cheek syndrome is another fast-spreading infection that is upsetting but not usually serious, although can have cold-like symptoms, a raised temperature, a headache and possibly itchy skin.
SLAPPED CHEEK SYNDROME "The most obvious symptom is a very distinctive red rash on the cheeks, which gives the condition its name," said Dr Piccaver.
The illness - known as slapped cheek syndrome - is common in childhood and causes a rash or reddening to the face.
Health experts alert to prevalence of slapped cheek disease
The most common and best known illness caused by this virus is also known as slapped cheek disease, exanthem infectiosum (EI), or fifth disease (because it was the fifth childhood rash illness described).
A Slapped cheek syndrome (also called fifth disease) is a viral infection that's most common in children, although it can affect people of any age.
It recommends pupils take zero days off school should they contract a range of conditions including hand, foot and mouth, conjunctivitis, glandular fever, head lice, threadworm, tonsillitis and slapped cheek.