We now adjust the savings and checkable deposit components for the effects of retail sweep programs and have improved the measures of savings and small-denomination time deposit rates in the Regulation Q era.
In addition, the authors have simplified the procedure used to construct the own rate of return for small-denomination time deposits and have discontinued the previous practice of applying an implicit return to some or all demand deposits.
Later, rising yields on small time deposits relative to those on more liquid deposits led households to shift funds from liquid deposits to small-denomination time deposit
M2 is defined as M1 plus savings deposits, small-denomination time deposits
(less than $100,000), and retail money market mutual fund shares.
M2: M1 + Savings deposits, including MMDAs (money market deposit accounts) + Small-denomination time deposits
+ Retail money market mutual funds M3: M2 + Institutional MMMFs (money market mutual funds) + Large-denomination time deposits + Repurchase agreements + Eurodollars MZM (Money zero maturity): M2 - Small-denomination time deposits
+ Institutional MMMFs Note: The basic framework for these definitions was adopted in 1980.
Finally, the authors also restore the yield-curve adjustment for composite assets, which they removed from published data during 2004 as they explored the unusual behavior of the user cost data for small-denomination time deposits
In addition, the following asset categories are separated into thrift institution and commercial bank [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 2 OMITTED] categories: other checkable deposits, Super NOW accounts, small-denomination time deposits
, savings deposits, and money market deposit accounts.
As yields on small-denomination time deposits
fell to very low levels by standards of recent years, a portion of these funds apparently shifted into stock and bond markets in a search for higher returns.
The strength in retail accounts was concentrated in small-denomination time deposits
, a traditional source of funding for thrift institutions.
Early in the year, rising market interest rates buoyed the growth of small-denomination time deposits
at the expense of more liquid deposits, as rates on the latter accounts adjusted only sluggishly to the upward market movements.