It is Adeimantus again who volunteers the criticism of common sense on the Socratic method of argument, and who refuses to let Socrates pass lightly over the question of women and children.
There is no evidence that either the idea of good or the conception of a perfect State were comprehended in the Socratic teaching, though he certainly dwelt on the nature of the universal and of final causes (cp.
A real element of Socratic teaching, which is more prominent in the Republic than in any of the other Dialogues of Plato, is the use of example and illustration ('taphorhtika auto prhospherhontez'): "Let us apply the test of common instances.
For there is no common term we could apply to the mimes of Sophron and Xenarchus and the Socratic
dialogues on the one hand; and, on the other, to poetic imitations in iambic, elegiac, or any similar metre.
Characteristic also of the temper of the Socratic
enquiry is, (4) the proposal to discuss the teachableness of virtue under an hypothesis, after the manner of the mathematicians; and (5) the repetition of the favourite doctrine which occurs so frequently in the earlier and more Socratic
Dialogues, and gives a colour to all of them--that mankind only desire evil through ignorance; (6) the experiment of eliciting from the slave-boy the mathematical truth which is latent in him, and (7) the remark that he is all the better for knowing his ignorance.
At first they are overawing; their calm self-collectedness of simplicity seems a Socratic
The statements of the Memorabilia respecting the trial and death of Socrates agree generally with Plato; but they have lost the flavour of Socratic irony in the narrative of Xenophon.
In these words the Socratic doctrine of the involuntariness of evil is clearly intended to be conveyed.
He also possessed a philosophic bent, to the great delight of his grandfather, who used to hold Socratic
conversations with him, in which the precocious pupil occasionally posed his teacher, to the undisguised satisfaction of the womenfolk.
Craig paused a moment with an emphatic stare after this triumphant specimen of Socratic
argument, and then added, thumping the table rather fiercely, "Why, it's a sure thing--and there's them 'ull bear witness to't--as i' one regiment where there was one man a-missing, they put the regimentals on a big monkey, and they fit him as the shell fits the walnut, and you couldn't tell the monkey from the mounseers
Razumov noticed a thick forefinger clasped by a massive gold band set with a blood- red stone--a signet ring that, looking as if it could weigh half a pound, was an appropriate ornament for that ponderous man with the accurate middle-parting of glossy hair above a rugged Socratic
Contributing to the resurgence of interest in Socrates and Socratic
dialogue in the 21st century, classical scholars discuss around Socrates, the immediate Socratic
circle, Plato, Xenophon, and later reception.