active transport

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active transport

n.
The movement of a chemical substance through a gradient of concentration or electrical potential in the direction opposite to normal diffusion, requiring the expenditure of energy: active transport across a cell membrane.

active transport

n
(Biochemistry) biochem physiol a process by which molecules are enabled to pass across a membrane from a region in which they are in a low concentration to one of high concentration; this requires the expenditure of energy in metabolism and is assisted by carrier proteins, commonly referred to as pumps

ac′tive trans′port


n.
the movement of ions or molecules across a cellular membrane from a lower to a higher concentration.
[1960–65]

active transport

The movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane in the direction opposite that of diffusion, that is, from an area of lower concentration to one of higher concentration. The energy needed for active transport is supplied by ATP.

active transport

An energy-requiring process which carries substances across cell membrane against a concentration gradient.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.active transport - transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell membrane against the concentration gradientactive transport - transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell membrane against the concentration gradient; requires an expenditure of energy
drug - a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic
transport - an exchange of molecules (and their kinetic energy and momentum) across the boundary between adjacent layers of a fluid or across cell membranes
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