(redirected from Solutreans)


also So·lu·tri·an  (sə-lo͞o′trē-ən)
Of or relating to the Old World Upper Paleolithic culture that succeeded the Aurignacian and was characterized by new stone implements and stylized symbolic forms of art.

[French solutréen, after Solutré-Pouilly, a village of east-central France.]


(Archaeology) of or relating to an Upper Palaeolithic culture of Europe that was characterized by leaf-shaped flint blades
[C19: named after Solutré, village in central France where traces of this culture were originally found]


or So•lu•tri•an

(səˈlu tri ən)

of or designating an Upper Paleolithic European culture c18,000–c16,000 B.C., characterized by the making of stone projectile points and low-relief stone sculptures.
[1885–90; < French solutréen, after Solutré the type-site, near a village of the same name in E France; see -an1]


Belonging to a Paleolithic culture in Europe, coming between the Aurignacian and the Magdelenian, in which people made flint blades.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tymula's inventive and rigorous methodology aims not only to reconstruct the original composition of the parietal frieze, but also the methods of the sculptors, demonstrating that the main artistic objective of sculpture--the interplay between form, light and shadow in the overall work--was fully appreciated by the Solutreans.
Four new publications relating to the French Solutrean and Magdalenian demonstrate admirably how new analysis of old archaeological collections with new methodologies, and in one case new excavations, can shed considerable light on enigmatic areas of Upper Palaeolithic behaviour.
The large collection of bifacially retouched feuilles de laurier excavated there was used by de Mortillet to define the Solutrean in 1869, and the chronocultural importance of a site containing all major assemblages of the Upper Palaeolithic was recognised by Breuil.
Lithics are few in all but the Solutrean levels, and organic artefacts (generally sagaies, baguettes and lissoirs) are only really known from the Solutrean and Magdalenian.
14]C dates place the Aurignacian at Solutre ~34-29ka BP; the Gravettian ~28-24ka BP; the Solutrean ~19.
A very different facet of Solutrean life is presented in Sophie Tymula's volume on the Roc de Sers sculpted frieze, one of the relatively few examples of parietal art that can be confidently attributed to this period as it fragmented and fell off the rear wall of the rockshelter into dated archaeological deposits.
Here, they point out the prevalence of pressure flaking in both the Solutrean of Western Europe, particularly northern Iberia, and the roughly contemporaneous Clovis of North America.
This book will generate controversy in both North America and Western Europe, and hopefully its discussion will stimulate useful research, particularly into the dating of the Solutrean and the earliest evidence from North America.