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A country of extreme eastern Africa on the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. Arab and Persian traders established outposts in the region starting in the 7th century. European colonization began in the late 19th century, with hegemony over the region passing several times between Britain and Italy before the establishment of the independent republic of Somalia in 1960. A coup in 1969 led to military rule, which collapsed in 1991 with the outbreak of a civil war. In subsequent years, no single faction succeeded in establishing a unified government over the country. Mogadishu is the capital and the largest city.
So·ma′li·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a republic in NE Africa, on the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden: the north became a British protectorate in 1884; the east and south were established as an Italian protectorate in 1889; gained independence and united as Somalia (or the Somali Republic) in 1960. In 1991 the former British Somaliland region in the north unilaterally declared itself independent as the Republic of Somaliland, and Puntland and other areas are also operating effectively as separate states, but this has not been recognized officially. Official languages: Arabic and Somali. Official religion: (Sunni) Muslim. Currency: Somali shilling. Capital: Mogadishu. Pop: 10 251 568 (2013 est). Area: 637 541 sq km (246 154 sq miles)
So•ma•li•a(soʊˈmɑ li ə, -ˈmɑl yə)
a republic on the E coast of Africa, formed by the merger of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland in 1960. 7,140,643; 246,201 sq. mi. (637,657 sq. km). Cap.: Mogadishu.
So•ma′li•an, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Somalia - a republic in extreme eastern Africa on the Somali peninsula; subject to tribal warfare|
AIAI, al Itihaad al Islamiya, al-Itihaad al-Islamiya, Islamic Unity - a fundamentalist Islamic group in Somalia who initially did fundraising for al-Qaeda; responsible for ambushing United States Army Rangers and for terrorist bombings in Ethiopia; believed to have branches in several countries
Arab League - an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation
capital of Somalia, Mogadiscio, Mogadishu - the capital and largest city of Somalia; a port on the Indian Ocean
Hargeisa - a city in northwestern Somalia
Horn of Africa, Somali peninsula - a peninsula of northeastern Africa (the easternmost part of Africa) comprising Somalia and Djibouti and Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Somalia[səʊˈmɑːlɪə] N → Somalia f
n → Somalia nt