(redirected from Somatotypes)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Somatotypes: ectomorph


 (sō-măt′ə-tīp′, sō′mə-tə-)
The structure or build of a person, especially to the extent to which it exhibits the characteristics of an ectomorph, an endomorph, or a mesomorph.

so·mat′o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk) adj.


(Anthropology & Ethnology) a type or classification of physique or body build. See endomorph, mesomorph, ectomorph



bodily structure, proportions, appearance, and development.
[1820–30; < French < Latin physicus]


a particular type of human physique. Cf. ectomorphy, endomorphy, mesomorphy.
See also: Body, Human
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.somatotype - a category of physique
body-build, build, physique, habitus - constitution of the human body
asthenic type, ectomorphy - slender, weak, and lightweight
endomorphy, pyknic type - round, fat, and heavy
athletic type, mesomorphy - muscular and big-boned
References in periodicals archive ?
Minimizing injury rates in soccer through preselection of players by somatotypes.
They found that the prevalence was higher in the third component and that, unlike the present study, the age factor was not a determinant for differences between groups since two of the teams (Brazilian championship and Rio de Janeiro state championship) had similar average age and presented different somatotypes.
The anthropometric variables were stature, body mass, skin folds, girths, lengths, breaths and somatotypes.
Degree PhD Research interests Evaluation of physical fitness and somatotypes at child population in relation to secular trends.
Other examples include female slenderness, as opposed to more robust somatotypes.
Also, RMT diagnostic system includes Ernst Kretschmer's typology and somatotypes proposed by W.
A study by Lerner and Gellert (1969) of 45 white middle class kindergarten children looking at same-sex silhouettes representing thin (ectomorph), average (mesomorph), and obese (endomorph) somatotypes indicated that 86% of the children had an aversion to the endomorphic body type.
At age 5 years, little difference was found between the somatotypes of girls who did and did not report later abuse.
12) Endomorph prominence, however, was given only half a point higher as a primary component than the other two somatotypes.