sorites


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so·ri·tes

 (sə-rī′tēz, sô-) Logic
n. pl. sorites
1. An argument presenting a series of premises that can be analyzed as a chain of syllogisms, with each syllogism's major term forming the minor term of the next, until a final conclusion is attained. For example, a sorites might consist of the premises that some pets are snakes, that no snakes have fur, and that only furry things are cuddly, yielding the conclusion that not all pets are cuddly.
2. An argument exploiting the imprecision of everyday language to reach a paradoxical conclusion. The classic argument of this sort maintains that one grain of sand does not make a heap and that adding a single grain of sand to something that is not a heap does not make a heap, yielding the conclusion that no additional amount of sand can make a heap.
adj.
Of or relating to a sorites: a sorites paradox.

[Latin sōrītēs, from Greek sōreitēs, from sōros, heap; see teuə- in Indo-European roots.]

sorites

(sɒˈraɪtiːz)
n
(Logic) logic
a. a polysyllogism in which the premises are arranged so that intermediate conclusions are omitted, being understood, and only the final conclusion is stated
b. a paradox of the form: these few grains of sand do not constitute a heap, and the addition of a single grain never makes what is not yet a heap into a heap: so no matter how many single grains one adds it never becomes a heap.
[C16: via Latin from Greek sōreitēs, literally: heaped, from sōros a heap]
soritical, soˈritic adj

sor•i•tes

(sɔˈraɪ tiz, soʊ-)

n.
a form of argument having several premises and one conclusion, capable of being resolved into a chain of syllogisms, the conclusion of each of which is a premise of the next.
[1545–55; < Latin sōrītēs < Greek sōreítēs, derivative of sōrós a heap]

sorites

an elliptical series of syllogism, in which the premises are so arranged that the predicate of the first is the subject of the next, continuing thus until the subject of the first is united with the predicate of the last. — soritical, soritic, adj.
See also: Logic

Sorites

 a heap or series of propositions; a heap or pile.
Examples: sorites of flaming anthracite, 1871; sorites of facts, 1875; sorites of observances, 1664; song sorites of sciences and tongues, 1670.
References in periodicals archive ?
18-Lucky des Champs : Ce cheval d'age donne l'impression de chercher sa course comme le montrent ses dernieres sorites, merite a cet effet d'etre coche dans un ticket histoire de mettre le plus d'atout dans sa manche.
Despite this philosophical mix up, thinking about the play in relation to the sorites paradox can itself be conceptually intriguing.
In contemporary hermeneutics even a cursory glance at analytical philosophy and its discussions of sorites paradoxes and vagueness or at deconstructivist thought reveals a growing awareness of the element of ambiguity that appears to be an ineradicable characteristic of the very make-up of natural languages (but not an insurmountable obstacle to conveying meaning, as demonstrated by the prolific literary output of analytic philosophers and deconstructivists).
This allows him to set up a kind of non-paradoxical sorites argument.
But, since in many cases the borders between notions are vague, imprecise, Sorites, it is possible that <A>, <neutA>, <antiA> (and <nonA> of course) have common parts two by two, or even all three of them as well.
To help us locate the fallacies in this argument, we may first represent it as a sorites.
8) Work on vagueness addresses matters such as the famed sorites paradox of ancient Greece ("sorites" comes from the Greek word for heap):
The authors suggest that a definition of vagueness should be general enough to accommodate any genuine contender in the debate over how to best deal with the sorites paradox.
Archipelagos are inherently vague geographic objects which are subject to the Sorites paradox (simply stated as "at what point does the addition of a grain of sand to a surface become a heap?
Chapters explore the sorites paradox (which concerns the question of how many stones make a heap) and physicists' quest to define the meter in increasingly precise terms.
Taux d'echec des nouvelles entreprises canadiennes: Nouvelles perspectives sur les entrees et les sorites.
62) Hart cannot have been ignorant that his statement of the self-evident character of baldness is formulated in terms reminiscent of the sorites paradox of Greek philosophy.