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Sta·lin(stä′lĭn, stăl′ĭn), Joseph Originally Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili. 1879-1953.
Soviet politician. The successor of Lenin, he was general secretary of the Communist Party (1922-1953) and premier (1941-1953) of the USSR. His rule was marked by the exile of Trotsky (1929), the mass imprisonment and execution of government and military officials, the forced collectivization of agriculture, a policy of industrialization, and a victorious but devastating role for the Soviets in World War II.
1. (Placename) Also called: Stalino a former name (from after the Revolution until 1961) of Donetsk
2. (Placename) the former name (1950–61) of Braşov
3. (Placename) the former name (1949–56) of Varna
(Biography) Joseph. original name Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili. 1879–1953, Soviet leader; general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–53). He succeeded Lenin as head of the party and created a totalitarian state, crushing all opposition, esp in the great purges of 1934–37. He instigated rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agriculture and established the Soviet Union as a world power
Sta•lin(ˈstɑ lɪn, -lin, ˈstæl ɪn)
1. Joseph V. (Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili), 1879–1953, premier of the U.S.S.R. 1941–53.
2. a former name of Donetsk.
3. former name of Varna.