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stative verb

Stative verbs (also known as state verbs) are verbs that describe a static condition, situation, or state of being. They are contrasted with action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), which describe an active, dynamic action that can be performed by a person or thing.
Stative verbs can be in the present, past, or future tense; however, because they describe static conditions, they are usually unable to progress through time, and they therefore cannot be used when forming the continuous or progressive forms of verb tenses. For this reason, they are sometimes referred to as non-continuous or non-progressive verbs.
However, some stative verbs can be used in a continuous tense in certain situations, as when describing a temporary state that has begun and will end.
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Belonging to or designating a class of verbs that express a state or condition.
A verb of the stative class.

[Latin statīvus, stationary, from stāre, stat-, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈsteɪtɪv) grammar
(Grammar) denoting a verb describing a state rather than an activity, act, or event, such as know and want as opposed to leave and throw. Compare nonstative
(Grammar) a stative verb
[C19: from New Latin stativus, from Latin stāre to stand]


(ˈsteɪ tɪv)

(of a verb) expressing a state or condition, as know, like, or belong, and not usu. used in progressive tenses. Compare nonstative.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.stative - ( used of verbs (e.g. `be' or `own') and most participial adjectives) expressing existence or a state rather than an action
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
dynamic, active - (used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water')) expressing action rather than a state of being


[ˈsteɪtɪv] ADJ (Gram) stative verbverbo m de estado
References in periodicals archive ?
Bardovi-Harlig (1999:362) suggests that whilst there are potential counterexamples, it appears that adult learners rarely tend to overextend progressives to cover stative verb senses.
The example (6), taken from Paulsen 2011 : 22, shows that even a basically stative verb like jonottaa 'to queue' can adopt the curative derivative pattern.
b) When we combine a stative verb with grammatical perfective aspect the inherent state is converted into an event.
He is owing me ten Verb Owe is a stative verb dollars.
We tell students "You can't use a stative verb with the present participle".
To give an important example of the interplay: if an aorist is used of a stative verb, the nuance generated will often be ingressive (e.
In addition to the stative verb haya 'be' in general, and in Present-tense verbless constructions specifically, Hebrew speaker-writers favor two other means making generalized, often atemporal propositions: Predicate-initial impersonal subjectless constructions with modal predicates or with verbs in 3rd personal plural masculine (Berman 1980a, 2011).
A prefixed form of the stative verb siarum, though not definitely attested up to now, can be generated within the Akkadian verbal system without any difficulties.
From this perspective, the ungrammaticality of a sentence with a frequency adjective and a stative verb is an instance of Vacuous Quantification (Partee, ter Meulen and Wall 1990, Kratzer 1995): the frequency adjective is an operator in search of an event variable, and if the verb does not contain an event variable, the operator does not find a variable.
If the verb functioning as the predicate is the semantically neutral stative verb sein 'be', the resulting expression corresponds to its English translation equivalent, as in the example in (12).
I believe that she works hard, whereas the infinitive clause of (b) can contain BE or HAVE (auxiliary or full verb), or rarely some third stative verb, as the first or only verb, e.
The same holds for the locative stative verb PRV-bun (11) 'it is spilled'.