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Bas·il(băz′əl, băs′-, bā′zəl, -səl), Saint Known as "the Great." ad 330?-379?
Greek Christian leader who was bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia after ad 370 and a vigorous opponent of Arianism.
a. An aromatic annual herb (Ocimum basilicum) in the mint family, native to Asia and Africa and widely cultivated for its leaves. Also called sweet basil.
b. The leaves of this plant used as a seasoning.
2. Any of various plants in the genus Ocimum, native to warm regions, having aromatic foliage and terminal clusters of small, usually white flowers.
[Middle English, from Old French basile, from Medieval Latin basilicum, from Greek basilikon, from neuter of basilikos, royal; see basilica.]
1. (Plants) Also called: sweet basil a Eurasian plant, Ocimum basilicum, having spikes of small white flowers and aromatic leaves used as herbs for seasoning: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
2. (Plants) Also called: wild basil a European plant, Satureja vulgaris (or Clinopodium vulgare), with dense clusters of small pink or whitish flowers: family Lamiaceae
[C15: from Old French basile, from Late Latin basilicum, from Greek basilikon, from basilikos royal, from basileus king]
(Biography) Saint, called the Great. ?329–379 ad, Greek patriarch: an opponent of Arianism and one of the founders of monasticism. Feast day: Jan 2, June 14, or Jan 1
bas•il(ˈbæz əl, ˈbæs-, ˈbeɪ zəl, -səl)
any of several aromatic herbs belonging to the genus Ocimum, of the mint family, as O. basilicum (sweet basil), having bright green to purplish green ovate leaves used in cooking.
[1400–50; late Middle English basile < Middle French < Late Latin basilicum < Greek basilikón, neuter of basilikós royal =basil(eús) king + -ikos -ic]
Bas•il(ˈbæz əl, ˈbæs-, ˈbeɪ zəl, -səl)
Saint ( “the Great” ), A.D. 329?–379, bishop of Caesarea in Asia Minor (brother of Saint Gregory of Nyssa). Also called Basilius.
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|Noun||1.||basil - any of several Old World tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus Ocimum|
herb, herbaceous plant - a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
|2.||Basil - (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379)|
|3.||basil - leaves of the common basil; used fresh or dried|
herb - aromatic potherb used in cookery for its savory qualities
rau húng quế
basil[ˈbæzl] N → albahaca f
basil[ˈbæzəl] n (= herb) → basilic m
n (Bot) → Basilikum nt, → Basilienkraut nt
basil[ˈbæzl] n → basilico
basil→ رَيْحان bazalka basilikum Basilikum βασιλικός albahaca basilika basilic bosiljak basilico バジル 바질 basilicum basilikum bazylia manjericão базилик basilika ใบโหระพา fesleğen rau húng quế 罗勒属植物