The late Suharto, who took the presidency in a military coup d'etat against the republic's founder Sukarno
in 1967 but was forced out in May 1998, made Indonesia an emerging economy (EE).
He quoted Sukarno
, the first president of the third largest democracy in the world and committed to re-establish Indonesia as a maritime country.
Will we teach our children how in 1953 we removed Mohammad Mosaddegh, duly elected leader in Iran, because he wanted to nationalize oil production, or how we deposed Indonesia's first president, Sukarno
, because he encouraged the communists to gain power?
Suharto, who resigned in 1998, had taken over power from late President Sukarno
, Megawati's father, in 1967.
NAM was founded in Belgrade in 1961 by Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito, Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, and Indonesian president Sukarno
, all legends of the national liberation movement, with solid anti-imperial credentials, who advocated a middle course for the developing world between the Western and Eastern blocs in the Cold War.
Summary: Indonesian ambassador Salman Al Farisi highlighted the patriotic deeds of Indonesia's founding fathers Sukarno
and Mohammad Hatta that led to freedom from colonialism, fear and lack of opportunity for advancement during Indonesia's 67th Independence Day celebrations on Friday in Abu Dhabi.
The founding fathers of the movement were Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito, India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah and Indonesian leader Sukarno
Many will have seen the epic movie A Year Of Living Dangerously by Peter Weir, starring Mel Gibson and Sigourney Weaver, based around the edgy, anxious, paranoid days of a war correspondent, leading up to the coup against one of my heroes - President Sukarno
- in the course of which the US-organised military junta murdered literally millions of people like me.
I say, let us hold our heads high bearing this cap as a symbol of Free Indonesia," Sukarno
explained to a biographer in the mid-1960s.
His topics are how Islam arrived, Dutch and Japanese rule 1629-1945, Sukarno
and the roots of Islamic marginalization 1945-66, Islam repressed and resurgent during the Suharto era, Islam organized, communal conflict and violent Islamic extremism, Islamic extremism and democracy, and the resilience of diversity.
After nearly five decades of dictatorial rule by Sukarno
and Suharto and 17 months of chaotic transition under Habibie, Wahid moved quickly to strengthen civilian control over the military, appointing the first civilian defense minister since independence in 1949.
His father, Wahid Hasyim, was an independence hero and a minister of religion in the government of Sukarno
, Indonesia's founding father.