Sumatra


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Su·ma·tra

 (so͝o-mä′trə)
An island of western Indonesia in the Indian Ocean south of the Malay Peninsula. Long an important stopping point on the trading route between China and India, the island came under Dutch control in the 1600s, becoming part of the Dutch East Indies in 1800. Sumatra joined newly independent Indonesia in 1949.

Su·ma′tran adj. & n.

Sumatra

(sʊˈmɑːtrə)
n
(Placename) a mountainous island in W Indonesia, in the Greater Sunda Islands, separated from the Malay Peninsula by the Strait of Malacca: Dutch control began in the 16th century; joined Indonesia in 1945. Northern coastal areas, esp Aceh province, suffered devastation as a result of the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Pop: 42 409 510 (2000). Area: 473 606 sq km (182 821 sq miles). Indonesian spelling: Sumatera

Su•ma•tra

(sʊˈmɑ trə)

n.
an island in the W part of Indonesia. 28,016,160; 164,147 sq. mi. (425,141 sq. km).
Su•ma′tran, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sumatra - a mountainous island in western IndonesiaSumatra - a mountainous island in western Indonesia
Dutch East Indies, Indonesia, Republic of Indonesia - a republic in southeastern Asia on an archipelago including more than 13,000 islands; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1945; the principal oil producer in the Far East and Pacific regions
Medan - a city in Indonesia; located in northeastern Sumatra
Sumatran - a native or inhabitant of Sumatra
Translations

Sumatra

[sʊˈmɑːtrə] NSumatra f

Sumatra

[sʊˈmɑːtrə] nSumatra

Sumatra

nSumatra nt

Sumatra

[sʊˈmɑːtrə] nSumatra
References in classic literature ?
Those narrow straits of Sunda divide Sumatra from Java; and standing midway in that vast rampart of islands, buttressed by that bold green promontory, known to seamen as Java Head; they not a little correspond to the central gateway opening into some vast walled empire: and considering the inexhaustible wealth of spices, and silks, and jewels, and gold, and ivory, with which the thousand islands of that oriental sea are enriched, it seems a significant provision of nature, that such treasures, by the very formation of the land, should at least bear the appearance, however ineffectual, of being guarded from the all-grasping western world.
But thoughts like these troubled very few of the reckless crew; and when, after steadily dropping and dropping the pirates astern, the Pequod at last shot by the vivid green Cockatoo Point on the Sumatra side, emerging at last upon the broad waters beyond; then, the harpooneers seemed more to grieve that the swift whales had been gaining upon the ship, than to rejoice that the ship had so victoriously gained upon the Malays.
We arrived in view of the Keeling or Cocos Islands, situated in the Indian Ocean, and about six hundred miles distant from the coast of Sumatra.
Seeds and plants from Sumatra and Java have been driven up by the surf on the windward side of the islands.
To take an obvious example, who would undertake to say that the mysterious and universal outbreak of illness, recorded in your columns this very morning as having broken out among the indigenous races of Sumatra, has no connection with some cosmic change to which they may respond more quickly than the more complex peoples of Europe?
Well, it's a long cry from a blurred line in a spectrum to a sick nigger in Sumatra.
I had another way before me, which was to wait for some English ships, which were coming to Bengal from Achin, on the island of Sumatra, and get passage on board them from England.
During the afternoon of Wednesday, 30th October, the Rangoon entered the Strait of Malacca, which separates the peninsula of that name from Sumatra.
There might be an opportunity to go up country in Burmah, and what rich jungles in Sumatra or Borneo might he not visit?
It's the Penelope as she was on the 14th of June, 1857, in the throat of the Straits of Banca, with the Island of Banca on the starboard bow, and Sumatra on the port.
Andaman Islands, situated 340 miles to the north of Sumatra, in the Bay of Bengal.
His people were wealthy and titled, and he went home to England and sold cat's meat, sat around their big house till they gave him more money to start a rubber plantation in the East Indies somewhere, on Sumatra, I think--or was it New Guinea?