Sun Tze wrote an extraordinary military treaty, the Art of Warfare, which consisted of 13 chapters and used only 5,600 words to exhibit the secrets of success on the battlefield.
Those researchers who directly translate the 13 chapters of Sun Tze from Chinese to English.
In order to provide effective guidelines on the deployment of the Sun Tze Art of Warfare in businesses, a framework called the "winning model" is proposed in Figure 1, with the details explained as follows.
In respect of knowledge of the external business environment (which is akin to climate and terrain), Sun Tze said in his chapter X that:
Unlike the PEST and SWOT analyses, Sun Tze provided a more detailed checklist on what should be considered before making an important decision.
According to Sun Tze, if the total score is over 60 per cent, it should continue with the planning of warfare because the internal resources and external environment are more favourable than for their competitors.
In his chapter XIII, Sun Tze suggested the use of [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE IV OMITTED] spies to gather top secret information from competitors.