roughness

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rough
left: rough jade
right: polished jade

rough

 (rŭf)
adj. rough·er, rough·est
1.
a. Having a surface marked by irregularities, protuberances, or ridges; not smooth: planed the board so it was no longer rough.
b. Coarse or shaggy to the touch: a rough scratchy blanket.
2.
a. Difficult to travel over or through: the rough terrain of the highlands.
b. Characterized by violent motion; turbulent: rough waters.
c. Difficult to endure or live through, especially because of harsh or inclement weather: a rough winter.
d. Unpleasant or difficult: had a rough time during the exam.
3.
a. Characterized by or done with violence or forcefulness: a sport noted for rough play; a package that received rough handling.
b. Boisterous, disorderly, or given to violence: ran with a rough crowd.
c. Characterized by violence or crime: lives in a rough neighborhood.
d. Lacking polish or finesse: rough manners.
4. Harsh to the ear: a rough raspy sound.
5. Being in a natural state: rough diamonds.
6. Not perfected, completed, or fully detailed: a rough drawing; rough carpentry.
n.
1. The surface or part of something that is uneven or coarse: felt the rough of his chin.
2.
a. Rugged overgrown terrain.
b. Sports The area of a golf hole in which the grass is left unmowed or is cut to a length longer than that of the fairway.
3.
a. A disorderly, unrefined, or unfinished state.
b. A difficult or disagreeable aspect or condition of something: observed politics in the rough when working as an intern on Capitol Hill.
4. A person given to violent or disorderly behavior; a rowdy.
tr.v. roughed, rough·ing, roughs
1.
a. To treat roughly or with physical violence: roughed up his opponent.
b. Sports To treat (an opposing player) with unnecessary roughness, often in violation of the rules: was ejected from the game for roughing the passer.
2. To prepare or indicate in an unfinished form: rough out a house plan.
adv.
In a rough manner; roughly: The engine began to run rough and faltered.
Idiom:
rough it
To live without the usual comforts and conveniences: roughed it in a small hunting shack.

[Middle English, from Old English rūh.]

rough′er n.
rough′ly adv.
rough′ness n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.roughness - a texture of a surface or edge that is not smooth but is irregular and unevenroughness - a texture of a surface or edge that is not smooth but is irregular and uneven
texture - the feel of a surface or a fabric; "the wall had a smooth texture"
scaliness - the property of being scaly
nubbiness, tweediness, coarseness - looseness or roughness in texture (as of cloth)
slub, burl, knot - soft lump or unevenness in a yarn; either an imperfection or created by design
abrasiveness, harshness, scratchiness - the roughness of a substance that causes abrasions
graininess, granularity, coarseness - the quality of being composed of relatively large particles
shagginess - roughness of nap produced by long woolly hairs
bumpiness - the texture of a surface that has many bumps
bristliness, prickliness, spininess, thorniness - the quality of being covered with prickly thorns or spines
smoothness - a texture without roughness; smooth to the touch; "admiring the slim smoothness of her thighs"; "some artists prefer the smoothness of a board"
2.roughness - the quality of being unpleasant (harsh or rough or grating) to the senses
unpleasantness - the quality of giving displeasure; "the recent unpleasantness of the weather"
gruffness, hoarseness, huskiness - a throaty harshness
3.roughness - an unpolished unrefined quality; "the crudeness of frontier dwellings depressed her"
inelegance - the quality of lacking refinement and good taste
4.roughness - used of the sea during inclement or stormy weatherroughness - used of the sea during inclement or stormy weather
storminess - the state of being stormy; "he dreaded the storminess of the North Atlantic in winter"
5.roughness - rowdy behavior
disorder - a disturbance of the peace or of public order
6.roughness - the formation of small pits in a surface as a consequence of corrosion
corroding, corrosion, erosion - erosion by chemical action
7.roughness - harsh or severe speech or behavior; "men associate the roughness of nonstandard working-class speech with masculinity"; "the roughness of her voice was a signal to keep quiet"
intensification - action that makes something stronger or more extreme

roughness

noun
Lack of smoothness or regularity:
Translations
خُشونَه
hrubost
ruhed
grófleiki

roughness

[ˈrʌfnɪs] N [of hands, surface] → aspereza f; [of sea] → agitación f, encrespamiento m; [of road] → desigualdad f; [of person] (= brusqueness) → brusquedad f; (= crudeness) → tosquedad f; (= violence) → violencia f

roughness

[ˈrʌfnɪs] n
[cloth, skin,] → rudesse f; [ground, track, surface] → rugosité f
(= coarseness) [person, manner] → rudesse f
(= violence) [person, game, treatment] → brutalité f

roughness

n
(= unevenness, of ground, path, road) → Unebenheit f; (of surface, skin, hands, cloth)Rauheit f
(= harshness, of sound) → Härte f; (of voice, tone)Rauheit f; (of wine)saurer Geschmack; (of words)Grobheit f
(= coarseness, of person) → Ungehobeltheit f; (of manners, speech)Grobheit f, → Rohheit f
(= violence, of person) → Grobheit f, → Rohheit f; (of treatment)Grobheit f, → Härte f; (of children’s game)Wildheit f; (of match, sport, work)Härte f; (of neighbourhood, manners, pub)Rauheit f

roughness

[ˈrʌfnɪs] n (of hands, surface) → ruvidità, ruvidezza; (of person, abruptness) → modi mpl bruschi; (harshness) → durezza, brutalità; (of sea) → violenza; (of road) → cattive condizioni fpl; (of terrain) → asprezza

rough

(raf) adjective
1. not smooth. Her skin felt rough.
2. uneven. a rough path.
3. harsh; unpleasant. a rough voice; She's had a rough time since her husband died.
4. noisy and violent. rough behaviour.
5. stormy. The sea was rough; rough weather.
6. not complete or exact; approximate. a rough drawing; a rough idea/estimate.
noun
1. a violent bully. a gang of roughs.
2. uneven or uncultivated ground on a golf course. I lost my ball in the rough.
ˈroughly adverb
ˈroughness noun
ˈroughage (-fidʒ) noun
substances in food, eg bran or fibre, which help digestion.
ˈroughen verb
to make or become rough. The sea roughened as the wind rose.
rough diamond
a person of fine character but rough manners.
ˌrough-and-ˈready adjective
1. not carefully made or finished, but good enough. a rough-and-ready meal.
2. (of people) friendly enough but without politeness etc.
ˌrough-and-ˈtumble noun
friendly fighting between children etc.
rough it
to live for a period of time without the comforts or conveniences of modern life. They roughed it in the jungles for two months.
rough out
to draw or explain roughly. I roughed out a diagram; He roughed out his plan.

roughness

n aspereza
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