Switzerland


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Switzerland

Swit·zer·land

 (swĭt′sər-lənd)
A country of west-central Europe. The region was conquered by Germanic tribes in the 5th century and by Swabia and Burgundy in the 9th, becoming part of the Holy Roman Empire in 1033. Protesting Habsburg control in the 13th century, the Swiss formed a defense league made up of cantons that became the basis of their confederation, and by 1499 they had achieved independence. The Reformation in the 16th century led to religious civil wars that lasted through the next two centuries. The French took brief control of Switzerland during the French Revolution, but the confederacy was restored in 1815. Switzerland later adopted a federal constitution (1848) and maintained a policy of neutrality through both world wars. Bern is the capital and Zurich the largest city.

Switzerland

(ˈswɪtsələnd)
n
(Placename) a federal republic in W central Europe: the cantons of Schwyz, Uri, and Unterwalden formed a defensive league against the Hapsburgs in 1291, later joined by other cantons; gained independence in 1499; adopted a policy of permanent neutrality from 1516; a leading centre of the Reformation in the 16th century. It lies in the Jura Mountains and the Alps, with a plateau between the two ranges. Official languages: German, French, and Italian; Romansch minority. Religion: mostly Protestant and Roman Catholic. Currency: Swiss franc. Capital: Bern. Pop: 7 996 026 (2013 est). Area: 41 288 sq km (15 941 sq miles). German name: Schweiz French name: Suisse Italian name: Svizzera Latin name: Helvetia

Switz•er•land

(ˈswɪt sər lənd)

n.
a republic in central Europe. 7,275,467; 15,944 sq. mi. (41,294 sq. km). Cap.: Bern. French, Suisse. German, Schweiz. Italian, Svizzera. Latin, Helvetia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Switzerland - a landlocked federal republic in central EuropeSwitzerland - a landlocked federal republic in central Europe
battle of Sempatch, Sempatch - the Swiss Confederation escaped Hapsburg domination by their victory in 1386
International Relations and Security Network, ISN - Switzerland's information network for security and defense studies and for peace and conflict research and for international relations
commune - the smallest administrative district of several European countries
Tessin, Ticino - an Italian-speaking region of southern Switzerland
Savoy - a geographical region of historical importance; a former duchy in what is now southwestern France, western Switzerland, and northwestern Italy
Swiss canton - one of the cantons of Switzerland
Bern, Berne, capital of Switzerland - the capital of Switzerland; located in western Switzerland
Basel, Basle, Bale - a city in northwestern Switzerland
Geneva, Geneve, Genf - a city in southwestern Switzerland at the western end of Lake Geneva; it is the headquarters of various international organizations
Interlaken - a popular resort town in the Alps in west central Switzerland
Lausanne - a city in western Switzerland; cultural and commercial center
Zurich - the largest city in Switzerland; located in the northern part of the country; "Zurich is the center of the German-speaking part of Switzerland"
Aar, Aare, Aare River - a river in north central Switzerland that runs northeast into the Rhine
Alps, the Alps - a large mountain system in south-central Europe; scenic beauty and winter sports make them a popular tourist attraction
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Lake Geneva, Lake Leman - a lake between southwestern Switzerland and France that is crossed from east to west by the Rhone
Matterhorn - a mountain in the Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy (14,780 feet high); noted for its distinctive shape
Rhein, Rhine River, Rhine - a major European river carrying more traffic than any other river in the world; flows into the North Sea
Rhone, Rhone River - a major French river; flows into the Mediterranean near Marseilles; "the valley of the Rhone is famous for its vineyards"
Weisshorn - a mountain in the Alps in Switzerland (14,804 feet high)
Translations
Švýcarsko
Schweiz
Svislando
Šveits
Sveitsi
Švicarska
Svájc
Sviss
スイス
스위스
Elveţia
Švica
Schweiz
ประเทศสวิตเซอร์แลนด์
nước Thụy Sĩ

Switzerland

[ˈswɪtsələnd] NSuiza f

Switzerland

[ˈswɪtsərlənd] nSuisse f
in Switzerland → en Suisse
to Switzerland → en Suisse

Switzerland

ndie Schweiz; to Switzerlandin die Schweiz; French-/German-/Italian-speaking Switzerlanddie französische/deutsche/italienische Schweiz, die französisch-/deutsch-/italienischsprachige Schweiz

Switzerland

[ˈswɪtslənd] nla Svizzera

Switzerland

سُوِيسْرا Švýcarsko Schweiz Schweiz Ελβετία Suiza Sveitsi Suisse Švicarska Svizzera スイス 스위스 Zwitserland Sveits Szwajcaria Suíça Швейцария Schweiz ประเทศสวิตเซอร์แลนด์ İsviçre nước Thụy Sĩ 瑞士
References in classic literature ?
Laurie didn't seem to know where to begin, but Jo's eager questions soon set him going, and he told her how he had been at school in Vevay, where the boys never wore hats and had a fleet of boats on the lake, and for holiday fun went on walking trips about Switzerland with their teachers.
They said that the Neckar road was perfectly level, so we must be going to Switzerland or some other rugged country; and asked us if we did not find the walking pretty fatiguing in such warm weather.
While the secret garden was coming alive and two children were coming alive with it, there was a man wandering about certain far-away beautiful places in the Norwegian fiords and the valleys and mountains of Switzerland and he was a man who for ten years had kept his mind filled with dark and heart-broken thinking.
He had previously still further improved his pecuniary position by an advantageous marriage; and he is now passing the close of his days either in France or Switzerland -- a widower, with one son.
We have been in France, Switzerland, Italy, in fact, almost all parts.
I have no great desire to see Switzerland, for I am sure the Alps must be greasy with being climbed.
More and more were demanded, until to-day there are more telephones in New York than there are in the four countries, France, Belgium, Holland, and Switzerland combined.
In Switzerland, where the Union is so very slight, each canton is obliged to allow to merchandises a passage through its jurisdiction into other cantons, without an augmentation of the tolls.
In Switzerland they support the Radicals, without losing sight of the fact that this party consists of antagonistic elements, partly of Democratic Socialists, in the French sense, partly of radical bourgeois.
I have read of a gentleman who owned a so fine house in London, and when he went for months of summer to Switzerland and lock up his house, some burglar come and broke window at back and got in.
Now, if you were invited to hunt the bear in the mountains of Switzerland, what would you say?
The proposal was too advantageous to be refused, the more so as the person for whom the yacht was intended had gone upon a tour through Switzerland, and was not expected back in less than three weeks or a month, by which time the builder reckoned upon being able to complete another.