ketone(redirected from Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies)
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1. Any of a class of organic compounds, such as acetone, characterized by having a carbonyl group in which the carbon atom is bonded to two other hydrocarbon groups and having the general formula R(CO)R′, where R may be the same as R′.
2. See ketone body.
[German Keton, shortening and alteration of Aceton, acetone : Latin acētum, vinegar; see acetum + German -on, n. suff. (alteration of -en, from Greek -ēnē).]
ke·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.
(Chemistry) any of a class of compounds with the general formula R′COR, where R and R′ are alkyl or aryl groups. See also acetone
[C19: from German Keton, from Aketon acetone]
any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH3COCH3.
[1850–55; < German Keton]
ke•ton′ic (-ˈtɒn ɪk) adj.
Any of a class of organic compounds, such as acetone, having a group consisting of a carbon and an oxygen atom (CO) joined on either side to a carbon atom of a hydrocarbon radical.
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|Noun||1.||ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals|
acetone, dimethyl ketone, propanone - the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
butanone, methyl ethyl ketone - colorless soluble flammable liquid ketone used as a solvent for resins and as a paint remover and in lacquers and cements and adhesives and cleaning fluids and celluloid
flavin - a ketone that forms the nucleus of certain natural yellow pigments like riboflavin