antibiotic

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an·ti·bi·ot·ic

 (ăn′tĭ-bī-ŏt′ĭk, ăn′tī-)
n.
A substance, such as penicillin or erythromycin, produced by or derived from certain microorganisms, including fungi and bacteria, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms, especially bacteria. Antibiotics are widely used in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
adj.
1. Of or relating to antibiotics.
2. Of or relating to antibiosis.
3. Destroying life or preventing the inception or continuance of life.

an′ti·bi·ot′i·cal·ly adv.

antibiotic

(ˌæntɪbaɪˈɒtɪk)
n
(Pharmacology) any of various chemical substances, such as penicillin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline, produced by various microorganisms, esp fungi, or made synthetically and capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms, esp bacteria
adj
(Pharmacology) of or relating to antibiotics

an•ti•bi•ot•ic

(ˌæn tɪ baɪˈɒt ɪk, -bi-, ˌæn ti-, -taɪ-)

n.
1. any of a large group of chemical substances, as penicillin and streptomycin, that are produced by various microorganisms and fungi, have the capacity in dilute solutions to inhibit the growth of or to destroy bacteria and other microorganisms, and are used in the treatment of infectious diseases.
adj.
2. of or involving antibiotics.
[1895–1900]
an`ti•bi•ot′i•cal•ly, adv.

an·ti·bi·ot·ic

(ăn′tĭ-bī-ŏt′ĭk)
A substance, such as penicillin, that is capable of destroying or weakening certain microorganisms, especially disease-causing bacteria or fungi. Antibiotics are obtained from other microorganisms, especially molds.

antibiotic

A drug given to combat or prevent infection by destroying bacteria in the body.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antibiotic - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infectionsantibiotic - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
actinomycin - any of various red antibiotics isolated from soil bacteria
amphotericin - an antibiotic and antifungal agent
antibacterial, antibacterial drug, bactericide - any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
antimycin - a crystalline antibiotic active against various fungi
antineoplastic antibiotic - an antibiotic drug used as an antineoplastic in chemotherapy
Azactam, aztreonam - an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
bacitracin - a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally
carbomycin - a colorless basic antibiotic that inhibits the growth of Gram-positive organisms
cephaloglycin, Kafocin - antibiotic related to cephalosporin but no longer in common use
cephaloridine - a broad spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic produced by modifying cephalosporin
cephalosporin, Mefoxin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
chloramphenicol, Chloromycetin - an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
Aureomycin, chlortetracycline - a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trade name Aureomycin) used to treat certain bacterial and rickettsial diseases
Cipro, ciprofloxacin - an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
cycloserine - an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus
dihydrostreptomycin - antibiotic consisting of a hydrogenated form of streptomycin; used against tuberculosis and tularemia and Gram-negative organisms
doxorubicin - an antibiotic used as an anticancer drug
doxycycline, Vibramycin - an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections; "Vibramycin is the trade name of doxycycline"
E-Mycin, Erythrocin, erythromycin, Ethril, Ilosone, Pediamycin - an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
Garamycin, gentamicin - an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
gramicidin - an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium; used chiefly as an antiseptic in treating local infections produced by Gram-positive bacteria
kanamycin, Kantrex - antibiotic (trade name Kantrex) used to treat severe infections
Lincocin, lincomycin - antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin-resistant infections
mitomycin, Mutamycin - a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug
mycomycin - a highly unsaturated antibiotic acid obtained from an actinomycete
fradicin, Neobiotic, neomycin - an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery
novobiocin - an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used to treat infections by Gram-positive bacteria
Mycostatin, Nystan, nystatin - an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
hydroxytetracycline, oxytetracycline, oxytetracycline hydrochloride, Terramycin - a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trademark Terramycin) obtained from a soil actinomycete; used to treat various bacterial and rickettsial infections
penicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
polymyxin - any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium
Primaxin - trade name for a parenteral antibiotic
pyocyanase - a yellow-green mixture of antibiotics obtained from the bacillus of green pus
pyocyanin - a toxic blue crystalline antibiotic found in green pus
spectinomycin - an antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea
streptomycin - an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis
streptothricin - a basic antibiotic derived from a soil actinomycete
subtilin - a polypeptide antibiotic (similar to bacitracin) obtained from a soil bacterium
Nebcin, tobramycin - an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram-negative bacteria
Adj.1.antibiotic - of or relating to antibiotic drugsantibiotic - of or relating to antibiotic drugs  
Translations
مُضاد لِلجَراثيممُضادّ حَيَويّ
antibiotikumantibiotický
antibiotika
Antibiotikumantibiotisch
antibioottiantibioottinen
antibiotik
antibiotikum
fúkalyf
抗生物質
항생 물질
antibiotikas
antibiotika
antibiotikum
antibiotikum
ยาปฏิชีวนะ
antibiyotikmikropkıran
thuốc kháng sinh

antibiotic

[ˈæntɪbaɪˈɒtɪk]
A. Nantibiótico m
B. ADJantibiótico

antibiotic

[ˌæntibaɪˈɒtɪk]
adjantibiotique
nantibiotique m
to be on antibiotics → être sous antibiotiques
to take antibiotics → prendre des antibiotiques

antibiotic

[ˈæntɪbaɪˈɒtɪk]
1. nantibiotico
2. adjantibiotico/a

antibiotic

(ˌӕntibaiˈotik) noun
a medicine which is used to kill the bacteria that cause disease.

antibiotic

مُضادّ حَيَويّ antibiotikum antibiotika Antibiotikum αντιβιοτικό antibiótico antibiootti antibiotique antibiotik antibiotico 抗生物質 항생 물질 antibioticum antibiotikum antybiotyk antibiótico антибиотик antibiotikum ยาปฏิชีวนะ antibiyotik thuốc kháng sinh 抗生素

an·ti·bi·ot·ic

n., pl. antibióticos, drogas antibacterianas;
antineoplastic ______ antineoplástico;
bactericidal ______ bactericida;
broad spectrum ______ de amplio espectro;
___ sensitivity text / prueba de sensibilidad antibiótica.

antibiotic

adj & n antibiótico; broad-spectrum — antibiótico de amplio espectro
References in periodicals archive ?
The current standard of care is treating the bacteremia with culture-directed systemic antibiotic therapy with the removal of the infected CVC and replacement with a new CVC at a different site.
Systemic antibiotic therapy should be used to treat active streptococcal infection; however, little evidence shows efficacy in using systemic antimicrobials for the skin involvement.
CABP is a commonly occurring serious infection that requires systemic antibiotic therapy and is associated with considerable healthcare costs.
Studies estimate that 25% to 75% of systemic antibiotic use may be inappropriate in the LTC setting," the LTC chapter explains.
In cases of atopic dermatitis exacerbation with wide-spread weeping lesions, a systemic antibiotic treatment is warranted, with erythromycin no longer being recommended due to an increased resistance rate.
The study recommends a two fold strategy for supurative cancer ulcers; in addition to a 5-10 day course of systemic antibiotic cover, the ulcers should be rinsed with 5 mL of the eucalyptus based oil mixture twice daily.
If osteomyelitis is confirmed, then aggressive surgical debridement of grossly affected bone, preserving neurovascular anatomy whenever possible, followed by culture-driven systemic antibiotic therapy (generally for 6 weeks) is the mainstay of treatment.
This prevents the majority of problems associated with systemic antibiotic use, such as bacterial resistance or allergic reaction.
The study also found that, for the 41 patients, "topical nebulized antibiotic therapy was superior to oral systemic antibiotic administration" in that "all patients had at least 3 prior episodes of oral antibiotic treatment with increasingly poor response.
We also treated the great majority of infections topically, in addition to bathing with chlorhexidine and appropriate drainage with the intention of maximally reducing systemic antibiotic use.
In addition to its two lead programs, Anacor has discovered three other wholly-owned clinical product candidates -- AN2718 and AN2898, which are backup compounds to tavaborole and AN2728, respectively, and AN3365 (formerly known as GSK2251052, or GSK '052), a systemic antibiotic for the treatment of infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria, which previously was licensed to GlaxoSmithKline LLC, or GSK.
CERAMENT|G is an important advancement in the management of osteomyelitis with great potential to enhance outcomes for patients, and improve the health economics of infection management by reducing the systemic antibiotic burden, with less surgical interventions per patient, and less risk of developing antibiotic resistance.

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