Tripoli(redirected from Tarabulus al-Sham)
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1. A historical region of northern Africa roughly coextensive with the ancient region of Tripolitania. It became part of the Barbary States in the 16th century and later passed to Turkey and Italy.
2. A city of northwest Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea north-northeast of Beirut. Probably founded after the seventh century bc, it was capital of a Phoenician federation and later flourished under the Seleucid and Roman empires. Tripoli was captured by the Arabs in ad 638 and taken by the Crusaders in 1109 after a long siege.
3. The capital and largest city of Libya, in the northwest part of the country on the Mediterranean Sea. Settled by Phoenicians from Tyre, it has Roman and Byzantine remains.
Tri·pol′i·tan (trĭ-pŏl′ĭ-tn) adj. & n.
n. pl. trip·o·lis
A porous, lightweight, siliceous sedimentary rock composed of the shells of diatoms or radiolarians or of finely weathered chert, used as an abrasive and a polish.
[French, probably after TripoliLebanon.]
1. (Placename) the capital and chief port of Libya, in the northwest on the Mediterranean: founded by Phoenicians in about the 7th century bc; the only city that has survived of the three (Oea, Leptis Magna, and Sabratha) that formed the African Tripolis ("three cities"); fishing and manufacturing centre. Pop: 1 223 300 (2002 est). Ancient name: Oea Arabic name: Tarabulus el Gharb
2. (Placename) a port in N Lebanon, on the Mediterranean: the second largest town in Lebanon; taken by the Crusaders in 1109 after a siege of five years; oil-refining and manufacturing centre. Pop: 212 000 (2005 est). Ancient name: Tripolis Arabic name: Tarabulus esh Sham
(Geological Science) a lightweight porous siliceous rock derived by weathering and used in a powdered form as a polish, filter, etc
[C17: named after Tripoli, in Libya or in Lebanon]
Trip•o•li(ˈtrɪp ə li)
1. Also, Trip•o•li•ta•ni•a (ˌtrɪp ə lɪˈteɪ ni ə, -ˈteɪn yə, trɪˌpɒl ɪ-) one of the Barbary States of N Africa: later a province of Turkey; now a part of Libya.
2. the capital of Libya, in the NW part. 858,000.
3. a seaport in NW Lebanon, on the Mediterranean. 175,000.
Tri•pol•i•tan (trɪˈpɒl ɪ tn) n., adj.
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|Noun||1.||tripoli - a weathered and decomposed siliceous limestone; in powdered form it is used in polishing|
limestone - a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals
|2.||Tripoli - the capital and chief port and largest city of Libya; in northwestern Libya on the Mediterranean Sea; founded by the Phoenicians in the 7th century BC|
|3.||Tripoli - a port city and commercial center in northwestern Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea|