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These verbs mean to impart knowledge or skill. Teach is the most widely applicable: taught the child to draw; taught literature at the college. Instruct often suggests training in some special field or skill: instructed the undergraduates in music theory. Educate often implies formal instruction but especially stresses the development of innate capacities: "We are educated by others ... and this cultivation, mingling with our innate disposition, is the soil in which our desires, passions, and motives grow" (Mary Shelley).
Train suggests concentration on particular skills intended to fit a person for a desired role: trained the vocational students to be computer technicians. School often implies an arduous training process: "He took young Deanie under his wing and schooled him in the art of ambidextrous gunplay" (T.J. English).
Discipline usually refers to the teaching of control, especially self-control: disciplined myself to exercise every day. Drill implies rigorous instruction or training, usually by repetition: drilled the students by having them recite the multiplication tables.
v. taught, teach•ing. v.t.
If you teach a subject, you explain it to people so that they know about it or understand it. The past form and -ed participle of teach is taught.
When teach has this meaning, it often has an indirect object. The indirect object can go either in front of the direct object or after it. If it goes after the direct object, you put to in front of it.
If you teach someone to do something, you give them instructions so that they know how to do it.
When teach is used with a to-infinitive like this, it must have a direct object. Don't say, for example, 'His dad had taught to drive'.
Instead of using a to-infinitive, you can sometimes use an -ing form. For example, instead of saying 'I taught them to ski', you can say 'I taught them skiing'. You can also say 'I taught them how to ski'.
Past participle: taught
|Noun||1.||Teach - an English pirate who operated in the Caribbean and off the Atlantic coast of North America (died in 1718)|
|Verb||1.||teach - impart skills or knowledge to; "I taught them French"; "He instructed me in building a boat"|
train, educate, prepare, develop - create by training and teaching; "The old master is training world-class violinists"; "we develop the leaders for the future"
indoctrinate - teach doctrines to; teach uncritically; "The Moonies indoctrinate their disciples"
drill - teach by repetition
spoonfeed - teach without challenging the students; "This professor spoonfeeds his students"
induct - introduce or initiate; "The young geisha was inducted into the ways of her profession"
mentor - serve as a teacher or trusted counselor; "The famous professor mentored him during his years in graduate school"; "She is a fine lecturer but she doesn't like mentoring"
tutor - be a tutor to someone; give individual instruction; "She tutored me in Spanish"
unteach - cause to disbelieve; teach someone the contrary of what he or she had learned earlier
unteach - cause to unlearn; "teach somebody to unlearn old habits or methods"
ground - instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
lecture, talk - deliver a lecture or talk; "She will talk at Rutgers next week"; "Did you ever lecture at Harvard?"
inform - impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; "I informed him of his rights"
coach, train - teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports; "He is training our Olympic team"; "She is coaching the crew"
condition - establish a conditioned response
|2.||teach - accustom gradually to some action or attitude; "The child is taught to obey her parents"|
teach[tiːtʃ] (taught (pt, pp))
Miss Hardy taught us needlework → la Srta. Hardy nos daba clases de or nos enseñaba costura
he teaches primary-school children → es maestro de escuela (primaria), da clases a niños de primaria
to teach school (US) (primary) → dar clases en un colegio de enseñanza primaria; (secondary) → dar clases en un colegio de enseñanza secundaria
she taught English to Japanese businessmen → enseñaba inglés or daba clases de inglés a ejecutivos japoneses
to teach sb to do sth → enseñar a algn a hacer algo
his parents taught him never to lie → sus padres le enseñaron a no mentir nunca
he taught himself Arabic → aprendió árabe por su cuenta
I'll teach you to speak to me like that! → ¡ya te enseñaré yo a hablarme así!
you can't teach him anything about cars → no le puedes enseñar nada sobre coches
my mother taught me how to cook → mi madre me enseñó a cocinar
history teaches us a valuable lesson → la historia nos enseña una valiosa lección
that'll teach you! → ¡eso te servirá de lección!, ¡te está bien empleado!
that will teach you to mind your own business! → ¡eso te enseñará a no meterte en lo que no te importa!
don't teach your grandmother to suck eggs → a tu padre no le puedes enseñar a ser hijo
to teach sb a lesson → darle una lección a algn
you can't teach an old dog new tricks → perro viejo no aprende gracias
teach[ˈtiːtʃ] [taught] [ˈtɔːt] (pt, pp)
to teach sb sth (gen) → apprendre qch à qn
to teach sb sth (at school, college, university) → enseigner qch à qn
My sister taught me to swim → Ma sœur m'a appris à nager.
to teach sb how to do sth → apprendre à faire qch à qn
My mother taught me how to cook → Ma mère m'a appris à cuisiner.
to teach sb to do sth → apprendre à faire qch à qn
She teaches physics → Elle enseigne la physique.
She taught English to Japanese business people → Elle enseignait l'anglais à des cadres commerciaux japonais.
teachvb: pret, ptp <taught>
teach[tiːtʃ] (taught (pt, pp))
I teach English → insegno inglese
to teach sb sth, teach sth to sb → insegnare qc a qn
to teach sb (how) to do sth → insegnare a qn come si fa qc
I taught him (how) to write → gli ho insegnato a scrivere
it taught him a lesson (fig) → gli è servito da lezione
I'll teach you to leave the gas on! → ti faccio vedere io cosa ti succede quando lasci il gas aperto!