Curated by Settis and Davide Gasparotto from the Getty Museum, this display reveals how certain Graeco-Roman types gained canonical status in Renaissance Europe through being shrunk and commoditised --as a fist-sized Crouching Venus, or a gilt and bronze figurine of the Apollo Belvedere
Many ancient depictions of Apollo were available to the artist, both in Florence and Rome, the most famous being the Apollo Belvedere
, a Roman copy from the second century CE of a Greek bonze (350-325 BCE).
A Winckelmannian universe (an ancient marble Antinous, an eighteenth-century bronze copy of the Apollo Belvedere
In figure 32, a classical head after the Apollo Belvedere
is misidentified as that of a Roman emperor.
The Vatican and the Capitoline museums in Rome had yielded the Apollo Belvedere
, the Venus di Medici, the Discobolus, the Laocoon and the Dying Gaul plus sixty or more other pieces.
For some, disquiet may soon turn to alarm, as the remaining pages fill with geometrical diagrams, mathematical symbols, fractions, equations, sketches of flatfish, sunflowers, and horses, computergenerated images derived from fractals, and more or less grainy photographs of the Apollo Belvedere
, sculptures at Chartres Cathedral, and sundry works of Raphael, Duccio, Durer, Mondrian, and Aristide Maillol--not to mention the Parthenon, the Pyramids, and a singularly unattractive Le Corbusier apartment building in sunny Marseilles.
Thus, for Christ Michelangelo quotes the Apollo Belvedere
to cast him as the Sun of Justice and to recall that a temple of Apollo once stood near St.
Sherlock Holmes, after all, personifies the ideal of scientific progress since classical antiquity, and so it seems only fitting that he bear the visage of the Apollo Belvedere
as a vestige of his great ancestors.
Despite its artistic merit, compared to the Apollo Belvedere
(its prime source of inspiration), the group has had a negligible subsequent influence on the visual arts.
Housed in this grand revival of an ancient villa were the sculptures in the Belvedere Cortile, then as now including the Laocoon and the Apollo Belvedere
, among others, which the author reads as forming a complex program that establishes a typological association between Aeneas and Julius II.
Apollo is not only an ancient god, since Pope Leo X made the Apollo Belvedere
a symbol of his reign (typifying Italian Renaissance syncretism), and James I and Charles I figured as Apollo in court poems, masques, and paintings.
In the grandest of them, such as LACMA's dazzling Sir Wyndham Knatchbull-Wyndham (alas, not to be shown in London), the gesture confidently paraphrases the Apollo Belvedere
and comes like the moment of enlightenment as the subject points to the Temple of Vesta.