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n. Buddhism
A conservative branch of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the nontheistic ideal of self-purification to nirvana and is dominant in Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia.

[Pali theravāda : thera, an elder (from Sanskrit sthaviraḥ, old man, from sthavira-, old, venerable; see stā- in Indo-European roots) + vāda, doctrine (from Sanskrit vādaḥ, statement, doctrine; see wed- in Indo-European roots).]


(Buddhism) the southern school of Buddhism, the name preferred by Hinayana Buddhists for their doctrines
[from Pali: doctrine of the elders]


(ˌθɛr əˈvɑ də)

the earlier of the two major schools of Buddhism, still prevalent in Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, and Cambodia, emphasizing personal salvation through one's own efforts.
[1875–80; < Pali]
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Noun1.Theravada - one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to nirvana; the dominant religion of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand and Laos and Cambodia
Buddhism - the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
Hinayana Buddhism, Hinayana - an offensive name for the early conservative Theravada Buddhism; it died out in India but survived in Sri Lanka and was taken from there to other regions of southwestern Asia
References in periodicals archive ?
He explains consciousness from the viewpoint of Theravadan Buddhism, which has a complex phenomenological psychology of consciousness, very different from the Tibetan traditions with which I am more familiar.
Romancing the Buddha: Theravadan Monk Thanissaro Bhikkhu Traces the Roots of Western Buddhism to Nineteenth-century Romanticism.
To begin with, nibbana--which is Pali for nirvana, and thus from the older Theravadan tradition--is usually not talked about in the first-person-singular.
The vihaya is a Theravadan Buddhist document that instructs Buddhist monks on the process for selecting a suitable wife.
13 -- During the past four decades many Buddhist monks from all of the Theravadan countries of Asia have come to the West to propagate Buddhism, while at the same time to serve their ethnic communities by providing religious services, spiritual counseling, and Buddhist training.
Brahm, a former Cambridge-educated theoretical physicist, shares the fruits of his practice as a Theravadan monk for over thirty years.
The Theravadan School's text is written in Pall, while the Mahayana School's text is written in Sanskrit.
Mahayanist Cochinchina even lacked a comparable Buddhist institution, like the Theravadan sangha, that might have provided a sort of cross-cultural model for such a clerical organisation, meaning these difficult alien concepts would undoubtedly have needed repeated reinforcement.
The Theravadan school, the most traditional, practiced in Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka and the Mahayana school that emphasizes compassion and dedication to the liberation of all sentient beings.