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 (tōl′tĕk′, tŏl′-)
n. pl. Toltec or Tol·tecs
A member of a Nahuatl-speaking people of central and southern Mexico whose empire flourished from the 10th century until it collapsed under invasion by the Aztecs in the 12th century.
adj. also Tol·tec·an (tōl-tĕk′ən, tŏl-)
Of or relating to the Toltec or their culture.

[Spanish tolteca, from Nahuatl toltecatl, artisan, mechanic.]


n, pl -tecs or -tec
(Historical Terms) a member of a Central American Indian people who dominated the valley of Mexico from their capital Tula from about 950 to 1160 ad, when the valley was overrun by the Aztecs
(Peoples) of or relating to this people
[C19: from Spanish tolteca, of American Indian origin]


(ˈtoʊl tɛk, ˈtɒl-)

n., pl. -tecs, (esp. collectively) -tec, n.
1. a member of an American Indian people living in central Mexico before the advent of the Aztecs.
2. Also, Tol•tec′an. of or pertaining to the Toltecs.
[< Mexican Spanish tolteca < Nahuatl tōltēcah, pl. of tōltēcatl person from Tōllān Tula]


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1. AD 900–1200 During the 900s Toltec Indians established an empire, making Tula (north of Mexico City) their capital. They controlled the Valley of Mexico until 1200. A fierce people, they invaded the Yucatán Peninsula then rebuilt an old Mayan religious center, Chichén Itzá. They worshipped the feathered serpent Quetzalcoatl and also believed in human sacrifice.
2. A member of a people who ruled an empire in central and southern Mexico before being conquered by the Aztecs.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Toltec - a member of the Nahuatl speaking people of central and southern Mexico
Nahuatl - a member of any of various Indian peoples of central Mexico
References in periodicals archive ?
Legend says that King Huemac, the last king of the Toltecs, married his daughter to a humble farmer who came to pay tribute in the form of his best chillis, as was the custom at the time.
To illuminate local population differences, we compare samples from sites associated with four different cultural groups located in adjacent regions of Mexico: the Toltecs and Mexicas from Central Mexico; the Totonacs from the Gulf Coast lowlands of Veracruz; and the Maya from the northern lowlands of the Yucatan Peninsula.
Look at your sophisticated indigenous people: Mayans, Toltecs, Incas.
In Ancient Mexico, the narrative begins with the Paleo-Indians and traces the rise and fall of Pre-Columbian peoples such as the Olmecs, Maya, Toltecs, and Aztecs.
The Anales de Cuauhtitlan, (55) however, claim that the Toltecs brought him to Tollan to rule as their king and priest from AD 1153 to 1175, a "religious breakthrough" (56) for Topiltzin who, born into a world of conflict, was transformed from a warrior into an opponent of human sacrifice.
Suddenly pulquerias, the dingy and often ill-kempt shacks of the colonial period, were considered cultural links in a chain of tradition dating back to the Toltecs and Aztecs.
The Toltecs, who came afterward, were made up of several groups of South Americans that together formed an empire famous for its artists and builders in the Teotihuacan capital of Tula from A.
The abundant water and rich volcanic soil, as well as the strategic advantage provided by the ring of mountains, provided the ideal environment for the growth of Mesoamerica's three most important cultures, the Teotihuacanos, Toltecs and Aztecs
Burroughs's knowledge must have been limited mainly to post-classic, post-conquest northwestern Yucatan, where Mexican Toltecs (not Aztecs) had introduced priests and the cult of human sacrifice.
Chichen Itza was first populated between 500 and 900 AD by Mayans, abandoned and resettled, invaded by the Toltecs from the North and then abandoned for the last time sometime around 1300.
The city was founded in 500AD by the Toltecs but takes its name (meaning Mouth of the Well of the Itza) from a Mayan tribe who made it their home 500 years later.
But as more archaeological evidence was uncovered and more inscriptions were translated, they conceded that the Maya did practice some human sacrifice, but only in later years and probably at the behest of the Toltecs.