It has left the door open to torture by proxy
Just as the spectre of Communism kept vicious military dictators in the pay of the CIA, so the need to prop up Israel and the bogeyman of Islamic fundamentalism have kept the dollars flowing into the coffers of corrupt Arab dictators, posing as bulwarks to protect the interests of the West, their sinister prisons often conducting torture by proxy
in America's so-called war on terror.
High Commission Report, supra note 23, at 9 (calling upon States to scrupuosly respect fundamental principle of nonrefoulement); Report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, supra note 23 at 28 (noting non-refoulement is inherent to absolute prohibition of torture and, like torture, nonderogable); TORTURE BY PROXY
, supra note 23, at 37-53 (noting absolute prohibition on refoulement is derivative of absolute prohibition on torture).
The second volume contains materials pertinent to the claim of unlimited authority to arrest and deport aliens in secret, terrorism as a justification for limiting labor rights, torture by proxy
, the reauthorization of the USA PATRIOT Act, and the Guantanamo military commissions.