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 (toin′bē), Arnold Joseph 1889-1975.
British historian and educator who studied cyclical patterns in the growth and decline of civilizations and is noted for his 12-volume Study of History (1934-1961).


1. (Biography) Arnold 1852–83, British economist and social reformer, after whom Toynbee Hall, a residential settlement in East London, is named
2. (Biography) his nephew, Arnold Joseph. 1889–1975, British historian. In his chief work, A Study of History (1934–61), he attempted to analyse the principles determining the rise and fall of civilizations


(ˈtɔɪn bi)

Arnold J(oseph), 1889–1975, English historian.
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Noun1.Toynbee - English historian who studied the rise and fall of civilizations looking for cyclical patterns (1889-1975)
References in periodicals archive ?
Left-wing commentator Polly Toynbee "I hate weddings.
Left-wing commentator Polly Toynbee "The people who suffer from the casting couch are the really pretty ones.
I have tried to believe Jeremy Corbyn can win the 2020 election, but more and more it feels like believing in Father Christmas" Left-winger Polly Toynbee, describes this as "the bleakest midwinter".
Among the topics are the Jewish intellectual in politics: new factors in an ancient tradition, European history: seedbed of the Holocaust, reflections of a historian in Jerusalem, the argument between Arabs and Jews: an exchange between Arnold Toynbee and J.
The rest comes all on its own" James Bond actress Monica Bellucci, 51 "My spirit animal is a sloth" Dawn French "One of the maddest deals ever struck by any government" Political commentator Polly Toynbee on the news that a Chinese statecontrolled company, with a minority French state partner, will build and control massive nuclear power plants at Hinkley Point, Bradwell in Essex and Sizewell "Sometimes you hit a funny scene and you have to milk it until it's not funny anymore, so you know you've wrung every potential bit of comedy out of it" Steve Coogan on comedy writing
A whole raft of the left, from Polly Toynbee to Owen Jones and the protesters outside the Tory conference, think this is the most ideologically charged Government in post-war Britain - "far to the right of Margaret Thatcher," declared Toynbee last week.
As an astute historian, Kissinger was surely aware of what Arnold Joseph Toynbee -- the author of the monumental 12-volume A Study of History -- once wrote, namely that Islam -- "Political Sunnism" -- would return to write its own renewed chapter.
Polly Toynbee, author and columnist for the Guardian, agrees with the Institute for Fiscal Studies; the poorest in society and those in their 20s have been hardest hit by the last five budgets.
POLLY TOYNBEE, HONORARY PRESIDENT of the CPHVA delivered her address on the first day of conference.
Its columnist Polly Toynbee said my mate, miner-turned-MP Dennis Skinner, was "no model" to follow and that "some with 1980s memories don't forgive him, Tony Benn and others for rendering Labour unelectable".
POLLY Toynbee of the Guardian says she needs a clothes peg on her nose when she votes Labour.
Instead, Israel's ambassador to Canada, Yaacov Herzog, responded by challenging Toynbee to a public debate, just five days after his initial comments.