genetically modified organism

(redirected from Transgenic organism)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Transgenic organism: Transgenic animals

genetically modified organism

n. Abbr. GMO
An organism whose genetic characteristics have been altered by the insertion of a modified gene or a gene from another organism using the techniques of genetic engineering.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
For the indigenous and campesinos, as Morales had told them time and again, a transgenic organism is one that has a gene from another species artificially incorporated into its molecular map through genetic-engineering procedures.
The invention relates to the production of a transgenic organism, preferably a transgenic plant or a transgenic microorganism, having an increased content of fatty acids, oils or lipids having .
Careful examination of the properties of the transgenic organism is essential before it is studied outside the closed environment of the laboratory.
The possible contamination of the Community production chain by an illegal transgenic organism could have serious consequences on herds.
It will also allow breeders to tackle complex traits they haven't been able to introduce, amplify traits that are only faintly expressed, or suppress undesirable traits, and often without having to reach outside the species for new genes that would then create a transgenic organism.
He covers the generation of transgenic organism designed for improved food quality and agricultural advantages, bioremediation for cleaning up environmental contaminants, biosensors and bioindicators for monitoring pollution, the development for alternatives to fossil fuels and petrochemicals, and biotechnology of the marine environment.
Others, however, aren't convinced that ecological safety depends merely on how many foreign genes a transgenic organism contains, particularly when GM organisms may include genes that didn't evolve together and have never existed in nature.
Muir WM, Howard RD (1999) Possible ecological risks of transgenic organism release when transgenes affect mating success: sexual selection and the Trojan gene hypothesis.
We can make no meaningful distinction, in ecological terms, between the release into the environment of a transgenic organism and the release of an exotic organism; hence, the well-known negative environmental effects of releasing exotic plants and animals do not augue well for the future releases of genetically manipulated organisms [37], Actually, the implications may be of greater significance in the case of trans genie fishes, since most fish, not being domesticated like livestock, survive well in nature and have a high reproductive potential.
A transgenic organism is one that carries and expresses genetic information not normally found in that species of organism.
Thus in one aspect, this invention relates to a method of generating a transgenic organism, such as a microbe or a plant, having a plurality of traits that are differentially activatable.
Genomatix empowers the success of "comparative transgenics", an emerging research approach in which modular combinations of related DNA vectors are compared in cell assays prior to selecting which vectors will be used for transgenic organism studies.