trephine

(redirected from Treponema pallidum)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

tre·phine

 (trĭ-fīn′)
n.
A surgical instrument with a cylindrical saw usually used for removing a disk of bone, especially from the skull, or for removing corneal tissue.
tr.v. tre·phined, tre·phin·ing, tre·phines
To operate on with a trephine.

[French tréphine, from obsolete English trefine, from Latin trēs fīnēs, three ends : trēs, three; see trei- in Indo-European roots + fīnēs, pl. of fīnis, end.]

treph′i·na′tion (trĕf′ə-nā′shən) n.

trephine

(trɪˈfiːn)
n
(Surgery) a surgical sawlike instrument for removing circular sections of bone, esp from the skull
vb
(Surgery) (tr) to remove a circular section of bone from (esp the skull)
Also called: trepan
[C17: from French tréphine, from obsolete English trefine trepan1, allegedly from Latin trēs fīnēs literally: three ends; influenced also by English trepane trepan1]
trephination n

tre•phine

(trɪˈfaɪn, -ˈfin)

n., v. -phined, -phin•ing. n.
1. a small circular saw used in surgery to remove disks of bone, esp. from the skull.
v.t.
2. to operate upon with a trephine.
[1620–30; sp. variant of trefine, orig. trafine, b. trapan (variant of trepan1) and Latin phrase trēs fīnēs three ends]
treph•i•na•tion (ˌtrɛf əˈneɪ ʃən) n.

trephine


Past participle: trephined
Gerund: trephining

Imperative
trephine
trephine
Present
I trephine
you trephine
he/she/it trephines
we trephine
you trephine
they trephine
Preterite
I trephined
you trephined
he/she/it trephined
we trephined
you trephined
they trephined
Present Continuous
I am trephining
you are trephining
he/she/it is trephining
we are trephining
you are trephining
they are trephining
Present Perfect
I have trephined
you have trephined
he/she/it has trephined
we have trephined
you have trephined
they have trephined
Past Continuous
I was trephining
you were trephining
he/she/it was trephining
we were trephining
you were trephining
they were trephining
Past Perfect
I had trephined
you had trephined
he/she/it had trephined
we had trephined
you had trephined
they had trephined
Future
I will trephine
you will trephine
he/she/it will trephine
we will trephine
you will trephine
they will trephine
Future Perfect
I will have trephined
you will have trephined
he/she/it will have trephined
we will have trephined
you will have trephined
they will have trephined
Future Continuous
I will be trephining
you will be trephining
he/she/it will be trephining
we will be trephining
you will be trephining
they will be trephining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been trephining
you have been trephining
he/she/it has been trephining
we have been trephining
you have been trephining
they have been trephining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been trephining
you will have been trephining
he/she/it will have been trephining
we will have been trephining
you will have been trephining
they will have been trephining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been trephining
you had been trephining
he/she/it had been trephining
we had been trephining
you had been trephining
they had been trephining
Conditional
I would trephine
you would trephine
he/she/it would trephine
we would trephine
you would trephine
they would trephine
Past Conditional
I would have trephined
you would have trephined
he/she/it would have trephined
we would have trephined
you would have trephined
they would have trephined
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trephine - a surgical instrument used to remove sections of bone from the skulltrephine - a surgical instrument used to remove sections of bone from the skull
surgical instrument - a medical instrument used in surgery
Verb1.trephine - operate on with a trephinetrephine - operate on with a trephine    
operate on, operate - perform surgery on; "The doctors operated on the patient but failed to save his life"
Translations

trephine

[treˈfiːn]
A. Ntrépano m
B. VTtrepanar
References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation of a PCR test for the detection of Treponema pallidum in swabs and blood.
Seroprevalence of HIV-1, HBV, HTLV-1 and Treponema pallidum among pregnant women in a rural hospital in Southern Ethiopia.
Treponema pallidum is a spirochete--a spiral-shaped bacterium that corkscrews its ways through pinpoint spaces between endothelial cells to flood the bloodstream and invade the body.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirochete microorganism Treponema pallidum (1).
Syphilis is caused by Treponema pallidum bacteria, and is usually curable nowadays with antibiotics.
The emergence of azithromycin-resistant Treponema pallidum.
Neurosyphilis is the infection of the central nervous system by Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum, which can occur any time after the initial infection.
gondii and both IgG and IgM antibodies to Rubella virus; Antibodies to Treponema pallidum was not detected in any of the 593 patients.
Often called the great imitator because so many of its signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other diseases, syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a spirochete bacterium, Treponema pallidum.
Infectious complications of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) tend to be caused by organisms that fall into two broad categories: 1) opportunistic pathogens prevalent in the natural environment but rarely causing serious disease in normal hosts (Pneumocystis, Toxoplasma, Mycobacterium avium complex, Cytomegalovirus), and 2) pathogens that predictably cause disease in the general population but may be associated with atypical or highly aggressive presentations in HIV-infected patients (Pneumococcus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Treponema pallidum, herpes simplex virus).
Blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures were negative; however, the infant's microhemagglutination test for Treponema pallidum was reactive.
1) After the Treponema pallidum spirochetes make their initial penetration, they multiply rapidly.

Full browser ?