(redirected from Turkomans)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Turkomans: Turkoman rug, Turkmen people


 (tûrk′mĕn, -mən)
n. pl. Turkmen or Turk·mens
1. A native or inhabitant of Turkmenistan.
2. also Tur·ko·man or Tur·co·man (tûr′kə-mən) pl. Turkoman or Turcoman or Tur·ko·mans or Tur·co·mans A member of a traditionally nomadic Turkic people inhabiting Turkmenistan and neighboring areas in Iran and Afghanistan.
3. also Turkoman or Turcoman The Turkic language of the Turkmen.
4. A member of a Turkic people of northern Iraq.
5. The Turkic language of the Iraqi Turkmen.

[Medieval Latin Turcomannus, from Persian turkmān, Turklike, Turkmen : turk, Turk (from Old Turkic türk; see Turk) + -mān, resembling, like (from mānistan, mān-, to resemble; akin to Avestan mana-, measurement, manner, from mā-, to measure; akin to Sanskrit mimīte, he measures; see mē- in Indo-European roots).]

Turk′men, Tur′ko·man, Tur′co·man adj.


(Languages) the language of the Turkomans, belonging to the Turkic branch of the Altaic family


(ˈtɜrk mɛn, -mən)

n., pl. -mens, (esp. collectively) -men.
1. a member of a Turkic people of Central Asia, now living mainly in Turkmenistan and adjacent parts of Iran and Afghanistan.
2. the language of the Turkmens.
[1925–30; < Turkish Türkmen]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Turkmen - a member of a Turkic people living in Turkmenistan and neighboring areasTurkmen - a member of a Turkic people living in Turkmenistan and neighboring areas
Turki - any member of the peoples speaking a Turkic language
2.Turkmen - a republic in Asia to the east of the Caspian Sea and to the south of Kazakhstan and to the north of IranTurkmen - a republic in Asia to the east of the Caspian Sea and to the south of Kazakhstan and to the north of Iran; an Asian soviet from 1925 to 1991
CIS, Commonwealth of Independent States - an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
Ashkhabad, capital of Turkmenistan - the capital and largest city of Turkmenistan
Kara Kum, Qara Qum, Turkestan Desert - a desert in Turkmenistan to the south of the Aral Sea
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
3.Turkmen - the Turkic language spoken by the TurkomanTurkmen - the Turkic language spoken by the Turkoman
Turkic, Turkic language, Turko-Tatar, Turki - a subfamily of Altaic languages
Adj.1.Turkmen - of or relating to or characteristic of Turkmenistan or its people or culture
References in periodicals archive ?
Dramatic demographic changes occurred during Kirkuk's urbanisation in the 20th century, which saw development of distinct ethnic groups: Kurds, Turkomans, Arabs and Assyrians - laying conflicting claims to it and all have their historical accounts and memories to buttress their claims.
Long predicted to replace Erbil as the capital of Kurdistan, Kirkuk is hotly contested by both Shi'ite and Sunni Arabs and Turkomans as their ancestral city which, however, will be very costly to keep after a bloody war.
The group of Kirkuk's oil producing domes, some 250 km north of Baghdad, is the heart of northern Iraq's oil industry and has a mixed population of Arabs, Kurds, and Turkomans.
20, he was quoted as saying the capture of the new areas in the adjacent Ninewa and Salahuddin provinces had, historically, been part of Kurdistan and now were still populated mostly by Kurds as well as other minorities such as the Turkomans, Christians and Sunni Arabs.
The protesters, including civil society activists, condemned QF-guided atrocities being committed against Iraq's Sunni Arab minority and non-Arab communities like the Turkomans, Christians, and Ayzidi Kurds.
Several members of ISIS' top leadership have Turkmen origins and "the Turkomans form an important part of Islamic State's financial structure," Orton said.
Turkomans mad at four parliament blocs After a statement released by four political blocs in Kurdistan Parliament concerning seats reserved for the minorities, the Turkoman sides in Erbil held a press conference in which they criticized the statement.
Kirkuk, home to mixed ethnicities of Kurds, Arabs, Turkomans and others, is part of areas being contested.
Tuz-Khurmato is part of the disputed areas between the Kurds and both Arabs and Turkomans, which the Kurds want to incorporate into their domain.
US troops already deployed in sensitive parts of Kirkuk have so far prevented a flare-up of fighting between the Kurds and each of the Arabs and Turkomans holding claims to the oil-rich city.
The author also details some of the dishes of ethnic minorities whose cuisines have been influential in the area, such as the Copts in Egypt, the Kurds, the Armenians and the Turkomans.
The festival aims to bring together various cultures of different ethnicities of Iraq including Kurds, Arabs, Turkomans, and Assyrians.