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A country of eastern Europe bordering on the Black Sea. Inhabited in early times by Scythians and Sarmatians, it was overrun by a number of conquerors, including Goths and Huns, until the rise of Kiev in the 9th century. The region came under the control of Lithuania in the mid-14th century and later passed to Poland and then to Russia (between 1667 and 1793). After the Russian Revolution an independent republic was proclaimed (1918), but Soviet troops retook control, and in 1922 it became one of the original constituent republics of the USSR, known as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Ukraine gained its independence following the collapse of the USSR in 1991. Kiev is the capital and largest city.
(Placename) a republic in SE Europe, on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov: ruled by the Khazars (7th–9th centuries), by Ruik princes with the Mongol conquest in the 13th century, then by Lithuania, by Poland, and by Russia; one of the four original republics that formed the Soviet Union in 1922; unilaterally declared independence in 1990, which was recognized in 1991; annexation of Crimea by Russia in 2014 not recognized internationally, despite the mainly Russian population voting in favour of it in a referendum. Consists chiefly of lowlands; economy based on rich agriculture and mineral resources and on the major heavy industries of the Donets Basin. Official language: Ukrainian; Russian is also widely spoken. Religion: believers are mainly Christian. Currency: hryvna. Capital: Kiev. Pop: 44 573 205 (2013 est). Area: 603 700 sq km (231 990 sq miles)
U•kraine(yuˈkreɪn, -ˈkraɪn, ˈyu kreɪn)
a republic in S central Europe: a former constituent republic of the U.S.S.R. 49,811,174; 233,090 sq. mi. (603,703 sq. km). Cap.: Kiev. Ukrainian, U•kra•i•na (u krʌˈyi nə) Formerly, Ukrain′ian So′viet So′cialist Repub′lic.
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|Noun||1.||Ukraine - a republic in southeastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; the center of the original Russian state which came into existence in the ninth century|
CIS, Commonwealth of Independent States - an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
Crimea - a Ukrainian peninsula between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov
capital of the Ukraine, Kiev, Kyyiv - capital and largest city of the Ukraine; a major manufacturing and transportation center
Chernobyl - a city in north central Ukraine; site of a major disaster at a nuclear power plant (26 April 1986)
Carpathian Mountains, Carpathians - a mountain range in central Europe that extends from Slovakia and southern Poland southeastward through western Ukraine to northeastern Romania; a popular resort area
Danau, Danube, Danube River - the 2nd longest European river (after the Volga); flows from southwestern Germany to the Black Sea; "Vienna, Budapest, and Belgrade are on the banks of the Danube"
Dnieper, Dnieper River - a river that rises in Russia near Smolensk and flowing south through Belarus and Ukraine to empty into the Black Sea
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Ukranian - a native or inhabitant of the Ukraine
Ukraine[juːˈkreɪn] N → Ucrania f
Ukraine[juːˈkreɪn] n → Ukraine f
n the Ukraine → die Ukraine