classical conditioning

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classical conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process by which a subject comes to respond in a specific way to a previously neutral stimulus after the subject repeatedly encounters the neutral stimulus together with another stimulus that already elicits the response.

classical conditioning

n
(Psychology) psychol the alteration in responding that occurs when two stimuli are regularly paired in close succession: the response originally given to the second stimulus comes to be given to the first. See also conditioned response

con•di•tion•ing

(kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ)

n.
1. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed.
2. Also called classical conditioning. a process in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke a specific response by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that evokes the response.
[1915–20]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.classical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflexclassical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex; the stimulus that evokes the reflex is given whether or not the conditioned response occurs until eventually the neutral stimulus comes to evoke the reflex
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
References in periodicals archive ?
Two EC conditions were generated based on the arousal levels of negatively valenced unconditioned stimuli.
In this manner, the proboscis extension reflex (PER) test, based on a temporal association paired to conditioned and unconditioned stimuli, simulates honey-bee-plant interactions.
The second assumption of the unified principle of reinforcement consists of three necessary conditions for the selection of behavioral relations: (a) the temporal relation between neutral stimuli and unconditioned stimuli (US); (b) the temporal relation between responses (R) and US; and (c) the evocation, by the unconditioned stimulus, of responses that would not have occurred in the absence of the US.
Disordered movement-such as "freezing" or dyskinesia--may be aversive and function as unconditioned stimuli (US) that elicit unconditioned (emotional) responses (UR).
In this model, flavor cues, which serve as conditioned stimuli, become paired with positive or negative post-ingestional signals, which serve as unconditioned stimuli.
In this paradigm, neutral conditioned stimuli (such as a tone, a light or environmental context) are paired with aversive unconditioned stimuli (such as an electric shock) that reflexively evoke an unconditioned fear response.
Exposure to both conditioned and unconditioned stimuli increases expression of the immediate early gene (c-fos) product Fos in a variety of brain structures, including the amygdala (ROSEN et al.
Blair (1995) defines sadness as unconditioned stimuli that promote moral socialisation through aversive conditioning.
We believe that within any given learning trial the number of neurons activated by both conditioned and unconditioned stimuli is likely to be very sparse.
Things like lights, sounds, scents, and things that cause physical discomfort (heat, cold, pain) are called primary or unconditioned stimuli.