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 (o͞o-păn′ə-shăd′, o͞o-pä′nĭ-shäd′)
Any of a group of philosophical treatises contributing to the theology of ancient Hinduism, elaborating on the earlier Vedas.

[Sanskrit upaniṣat, upaniṣad- : upa, under, near; see upo in Indo-European roots + ni, down + sīdati, sad-, he sits (probably from the fact that students would sit at their teacher's feet while listening to instruction); see sed- in Indo-European roots.]

U·pan′i·shad′ic adj.


(uːˈpʌnɪʃəd; -ˌʃæd; juː-)
(Hinduism) Hinduism any of a class of the Sanskrit sacred books probably composed between 400 and 200 bc and embodying the mystical and esoteric doctrines of ancient Hindu philosophy
[C19: from Sanskrit upanisad a sitting down near something, from upa near to + ni down + sīdati he sits]
Uˌpaniˈshadic adj


(uˈpæn ɪˌʃæd, uˈpɑ nɪˌʃɑd)

any of a class of Hindu treatises, usu. in dialogue form, composed between the 8th and 6th centuries b.c. and first written a.d. c1300.
[1800–10; < Skt upaniṣad]
U•pan`i•shad′ic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Upanishad - a later sacred text of Hinduism of a mystical nature dealing with metaphysical questions; "the Vedanta philosophy developed from the pantheistic views of the Upanishads"
References in periodicals archive ?
The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad states that there are many levels of sukshma reality (7), and that these subtle levels control the gross level known through sense perception.
Segundo Singleton, a primeira ocorrencia do termo yoga aparece no Katha Upanishad, aproximadamente no seculo III a.
Zed, who is the President of Universal Society of Hinduism, stressed that ancient Hindu scripture Shvetashvatara Upanishad told us that God dwelled in the hearts of all creatures: "He is this boy, he is that girl, he is this man, he is that woman, and he is this old man, too, tottering on his staff".
It is the ear of the ear, the mind of the mind, the speech of the speech, the life of the life, the eye of the eye," the Kena Upanishad tells us.
He cites a well-known passage in the Brhadara nyaka Upanishad which likens the ultimate attainment of freedom and fearlessness to the sensation a man feels in the embrace of his wife: so does a person, "when in the embrace of the intelligent soul, [know] nothing within or without .
It was presented in the Upanishad texts of India and has been used in the sacred chants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and by the Zoroastrians.
In stark contrast to the "ravening, raging, and uprooting" person on the Path of Desire is one who attains liberation, or moksha, which the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad describes as one who, like the hermits, has "become calm, self-controlled, withdrawn, patient and [contented]" (Radhakrishnan 280).
En el Chandogya Upanishad aparece por primera vez el termino, asociado con otras virtudes.
The Upanishad clearly states: ``What you think, you become.
Recognizing an opportunity, the counselor then respectfully requested permission of the mother to teach Vijay one of the meditation techniques described in an ancient text called the Svetasvatara Upanishad (Nikhilananda , 1963).
The idea is admittedly Vedantic, because the Upanishad reads that the knower of Brahman becomes Brahman, and that one can know Brahman only by being Brahman.
The concept of death and resurrection in three days is a prominent theme in the Christian gospels, but it is also present in the story of Nachiketa in the Katha Upanishad from the Hindu tradition.