Memories of the WWII period and of Ustashe
were also recalled in the public speeches or football fan songs at stadiums.
They are notorious for wearing the uniform of the Nazis' puppet Ustashe
regime that ran Croatia during World War II.
Catholics played leading roles in Ante Pavelic's Ustashe
(and Franciscan friars joined in the killing of Serbs and Jews at the Jasenovac death camp), in the Slovak Hlinka Guard, named after a priest (Slovakia itself was ruled by Fr.
The deaths of three quarters of a million Serbs, Jews and gypsies at the hands of the Ustashe
- the Nazi puppet regime installed in Croatia from 1941-45 - were still raw in the memories of many.
On this spot in February 1942, Croatian Ustashe
fascists reportedly massacred 2,700 Serbs, including some 500 children.
State Department report implicated both the Vatican and Swiss National Bank in the disappearance of hundreds of millions of dollars of gold, silver, and money looted by the 1941-1945 Croatian regime known as the Ustashe
from Serbs, Jews, and others.
Cornwall further explores Pacelli's dealings with Hitler and the Nazis, his lack of sympathy for the plight of German Jews, his undercutting of the German Catholic Center (Zentrum) Party, his disdain for blacks, and his "doing nothing" about the Croatian Ustashe
atrocities against Jews, Gypsies, and Orthodox Serbs.
During World War II, the European struggle against fascist expansionism was, as a civil war in Yugoslavia, both antifascist and anti-(German) expansionist, with the nationalistic Ustashe
party in power (in Croatia) as puppet collaborators with Germany.
184) dealt with the first two years of the war, the former with the gathering clouds in Srem, a Serbian region given by the Germans to the Croatian ustashe
during the war, and the latter with the desperate attempts of the Serbs to save their very lives.
It is the site of the infamous concentration camp where at least 60,000 Serbs perished at the hands of the Croatian Ustashe
during the Second World War.
Tudjman decreed that Croatia should adopt a red-and-white checkerboard coat of arms that closely resembles the symbol of the fascist Ustashe
Vatican support for Croatian independence and for international sanctions against Serbia, allegedly forced conversions of Serbian Orthodox during the war, and alleged support by the Catholic Church for the fascist Croatian Ustashe
during the Second World War are perceived as recent manifestations of a centuries-long effort by the Vatican to reconvert the Orthodox.