Ustashi


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Ustashi

(ʊˈstɑːʃɪ)
n
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (formerly) a terrorist organization of right-wing Yugoslav exiles dedicated to the overthrow of Communism in their homeland
2. (Military) (formerly) a terrorist organization of right-wing Yugoslav exiles dedicated to the overthrow of Communism in their homeland
[from Serbo-Croat]
References in periodicals archive ?
Most heinous were the actions of the Ukrainian Ustashi who raped and dismembered women before cutting out their tongues and eyeballs (Black, 2001).
During the Nazi occupation, the Croatian Ustashi killed many Serbians and Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) who lived in and around Brcko.
In 1945, the government, however, killed many Chetniks and Ustashi as they fled with the retreating German armies.
It is everywhere known how at least three of our bishops were murdered by the Ustashi, as were also about a million Serbs, including hundreds of priests, many of whom were exiled with hundreds of thousands of other Serbs, from their parishes, their homes, and their native land.
A 1946 United Treasury Department report estimates 12 to 16 million francs in gold deposits were still controlled by the Ustashi in Swiss bank accounts.
A group of fascist terrorists known as Ustashi allied itself with Italian Premier Benito Mussolini and also worked with Germany's Adolf Hitler.
Intra-Balkan rivalry saw the Ustashi enact a policy where a third of Serbs were to be expelled, a third converted to Catholicism and a third killed.
But because Croatians were supposed to be the bad guys of World War II--they had been ruled by the short-lived fascist Ustashi regime--and the Serbs the good guys because they fought the Nazi occupiers, the West took little notice of Serb atrocities against Croatians in 1992 and 1993, occupying and "cleansing" Croatian land and systematically destroying their cities and their Catholic churches.
Accompanying this were fears about the operation of Ustashi run terrorist training camps on the rural fringes of Australian cities.
The decision drew fire from Jewish groups and the Orthodox church, both of whom remember the program of resettlement, forced conversion, and, in some cases, mass murder the Ustashi carried out against Jews, Serbs and Gypsies.
Then in Rome he conferred with Mussolini, and in Berlin was given headquarters by the Nazis - the Buero des Grossmufti - where he coordinated propaganda, espionage and military recruitment, became Hitler's mouthpiece to the Arab peoples, organized the liquidation of Jews in the Moslem areas of Bosnia, collaborated with the Ustashi regime in Croatia, and advised Himmler and Eichmann on speeding up the Final Solution - annihilation of the Jews.
As a result of measures taken during the war by the Ustashi, sometimes in co-operation with Catholic priests, the figure has been reduced to about 300,000.