Over the major part of the century, the prevailingly Utraquist
society above all required prints of music that could be sung by the "common people", that is, monophonic songs, whereas the more difficult-to-perform polyphony, supposed to be delivered by skilful singers, for a long time to come continued to be copied or, exceptionally, bought abroad (selected pieces by Europe-renowned composers).
If students today at least recognize who Jan Hus was, they will profit from Atwood's rescue from oblivion figures as diverse as the conservative Utraquist
Jan Rokycana, the pacifist Peter Chelcicky, and Gregory (Rehor).
Weisenkircher's statement that the group was known in Moravia by the name "Fellows of the Covenant" is supported by a passage in a theological expert opinion on Marpeck's Vermahnung, or "Admonition," submitted by the Moravian Utraquist
reformer Benes Optat to one Lord of Pernstein in the mid-1550s.
94) Despite sporadic persecution in the 1460s by both Roman and Utraquist
Churches, the Unitas Fratrum flourished.
Johns Hopkins University Press), looked at the history of the Utraquists
in the context of the Reformation and the Wars of Religion, his current study seeks to trace the longer half-life of Utraquist
ideas in the intellectual ferment of the Bohemian national revival of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Then there is the aforementioned Codex Specialnik, formerly in the possession of one of Prague's Utraquist
literary fraternities, which did not conceal an aesthetic sentiment akin to that of the Church of Rome.
38) Even when the Hapsburgs came to power through the person of Archduke Ferdinand in 1526, the Moravian lords managed to hold on to many of their traditional rights, Most importantly, they did not want to be coerced in matters of religion, and often accepted colonists such as the Hutterites who were not Utraquist
Tyrrell offers a fascinating line of thought with his analysis of the Schulz family, based on the marriage of a Czech in the earlier Utraquist
tradition with constitutional nationalist aspirations to a German--the prototype of the co-existence of Czechs and Germans in Brno and everywhere else in a similar situation in the Bohemian Lands.
This Hussite tradition (including services in the national language probably started in 1416 in the Bethlehem Chapel by Jakoubek of Stribro) continued even after the Hussite wars in the practice of the Utraquist
They collaborated particularly intensively with the Utraquist
choral societies--the Mannergesangverein, and Gesangverein in Neu-und Greiner-gasse.
Sadly, the monks of Emmaus eventually joined the heretical Hussite Utraquists
, who demanded, among other things, communion under both species as in the Byzantine liturgy.
But the ideal of concord that Erasmus had in mind did not, I think, hinder the inclusion of Arians and the Bohemian Utraquists
, or later in his life, his acceptance of coexistence of Catholics and Protestants in Germany and Switzerland.