matrilocality

(redirected from Uxorilocal marriage)

mat·ri·lo·cal

 (măt′rə-lō′kəl)
adj.
1. Anthropology Of or relating to residence with a wife's kin group or clan.
2. Zoology Of or relating to the tendency of males to leave their natal group and reside in or mate with females of a different group: groups of monkeys that are matrilocal.

mat′ri·lo·cal′i·ty (-kăl′ĭ-tē) n.
mat′ri·lo′cal·ly adv.

matrilocality

the state or custom of residing with the family or tribe of the wife, as in certain primitive societies. Cf. patrilocality. — matrilocal, adj.
See also: Anthropology
References in periodicals archive ?
Following the 1600s, however, as increasing numbers of settlers from China's nearby provinces of Fujian and Guangdong came to settle on Taiwan's western plains, the change in population was accompanied by changes in marriage practices as Chinese preferred virilocal (property and family name passed from father to son) over uxorilocal marriage, although the latter form did not cease completely.
The widespread local custom of uxorilocal marriage (husband takes up residence in his father-in-law's house, and agrees that his sons will bear his father-in-law's surname) and cross-surname adoption (son is adopted outside the lineage, and thus acquires a different surname) enabled genealogists to plausibly explain changes of surname.
For aborigines, despite the advantageous contacts with Han, it meant the loss of women to Han communities; in the case of uxorilocal marriage it brought in men who would train their sons in Confucian ideas or resinify them as Chinese presence increased.