Neuroprotective effects of vanillyl
alcohol in Gastrodia elata Blume through suppression of oxidative stress and anti-apoptotic activity in toxin-induced dopaminergic MN9D cells.
The preoperative diagnosis of pheochromocytoma is supported by elevated levels of urine and blood catecholamines and their metabolites, metanephrine and vanillyl
mandelic acid (VMA).
There are no reports about the metabolism of vanillic acid in human but there are 23 strains of Zygomycetes which produce extracellular phenoloxidases which are involved in the reduction of vanillic acid to vanillyl
alcohol (Guiraud et al.
Literature reports indicate that noradrenaline is released during stressful conditions and metabolised to vanillyl mandelic acid (VMA) peripherally and 3-methoxy 4-hydroxyphenyl glycol (MOPEG) centrally (Ion 1969, Fakuda 1996).
Urinary excretion of catecholamines and vanillyl mandelic acid in rats.
The sum of vanillyl (V), syringyl (S), and cinnamyl (C) phenols released from the lignin macromolecules by CuO oxidation was used to estimate the lignin content of the sample, the VSC-lignin.
The different quality of organic layers under the vegetation types corresponded to a strong decrease in the ratio of syringyl to vanillyl units (S/V) in the order primary forest > secondary forest > reforestation (Fig.
The ratio of acid to aldehyde forms of the vanillyl units [[(ac/al).
This report presents comprehensive data on vanillyl alcohol markets globally and regionally (Europe, Asia, North America etc.
The report includes vanillyl alcohol description, covers its application areas and related patterns.
In addition to the above the report determines vanillyl alcohol consumers in the market and provides vanillyl alcohol prices in regional markets.
Anticonvulsive and free radical scavenging activities of vanillyl
alcohol in ferric chloride-induced epileptic seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats.