n.1.See Veronica, 1.
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134) Within the Arma Christi, there is a separate indulgence, the second, just for gazing at the vernicle: "And ich bischop sayd to-for-hand/For syzt of pe vernacul hath graunt/xl dayus to pardon" (And I, the bishop who said earlier/ for the sight of the vernacle shall grant/ 40 days to pardon).
This is an important but contradictory notion, for though it includes a mode of reproduction similar to that of a serf, the legal status of the vernacle remained that of a slave.
A vernacle, preferably chosen by his master to occupy such a position, sometimes acquired certain precarious privileges (not rights), among which were those of land(7) and a house(8), of living quasi-conjugally and raising his female partner's children, who would normally belong not to the mother's partner but to her master.
A vernacle had precarious access to a small plot of land, which he worked to produce all or part of his own food.
A vernacle was authorized to reside in a small dwelling with a woman and possibly with her offspring.